Arizona Archaeological Society

 

 
 

2019-2020 Meeting Schedule 

The chapter meets at Pueblo Grande Museum at 7:00 pm on the second Tuesday of each month (except during June, July & August). Driving directions: Traffic approaching from the east must make a U-turn at the light at 44th street; from the west, use 44th Street or east-bound Washington Street.

Date   
Speaker
Topic
Nov. 12
John Langan, Aztec Eng., Phoenix Recent Excavations in the Eastern Papaguería
Dec. 10
Todd Bostwick, VVAC, Verde Valley Ankgor and the Khmer Empire of Cambodia
Jan. 14
Janine Hernbrode, ASW, Tucson
Patterns in Petroglyphs: Hints of the Hohokam Cosmology on the Landscape
Feb. 11
Gregory McNamee, Az Humanities The Gila: River of History
Mar  10
Allen Dart, Az Humanities The Antiquity of Irrigation in the Southwest
Apr  14
Ron Parker

Chasing Centuries: The Search for Ancient Agave Cultivars Across the Desert Southwest

Canceled due to pandemic; to be rescheduled

May 12
Don Liponi La Rumorosa: Rock Art Along the Border, Vol. 2; To be rescheduled

To join the Phoenix Chapter, Click on the link below:  

Phoenix Chapter Membership Form

Click here to download March flyer

MARCH CHAPTER NEWS


March 10th Meeting: Allen Dart will present The Antiquity of Irrigation in the Southwest. Before AD 1500, Native American cultures took advantage of southern Arizona’s long growing season and tackled its challenge of limited precipitation by developing the earliest and most extensive irrigation works in all of North America. Agriculture was introduced to Arizona more than 4,000 years before present, and irrigation systems were developed in our state at least 3,500 years ago. This presentation provides an overview of ancient irrigation systems in the southern Southwest and discusses irrigation’s implications for understanding social complexity. This presentation  is made possible by the AZ Speaks program, the longest-running and most popular program of Arizona Humanities, a statewide 501(c)3 non-profit organization and the Arizona affiliate of the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Allen Dart is a Registered Professional Archaeologist, has worked in Arizona and New Mexico since 1975, and has been an Arizona Humanities speaker since 1997. He is the former executive director of Tucson’s nonprofit Old Pueblo Archaeology Center, which he founded in 1993 to provide educational and scientific programs in archaeology, history, and cultures. He has received the Arizona Governor’s Archaeology Advisory Commission Award in Public Archaeology, the Arizona Archaeological Society’s Professional Archaeologist of the Year Award, and the Arizona Archaeological and Historical Society’s Victor R. Stoner Award for his efforts to bring archaeology and history to the public.

Book Sale: Please collect any books, posters, maps, etc., that you want to donate and bring them with you - along with cash or checks to buy more books! We will set up the room in the afternoon and we should be able to get into it soon after 6:30 pm.. We have already received a generous donation of about 40 archaeology books and pamphlets from Don Schuldes in memory of his wife, Marilyn Schuldes, who was a long-time member of the Phoenix Chapter. We will donate the proceeds to PGM.

Raffle:  We will also be selling raffle tickets for the Acoma pot - you can buy tickets for the raffle before and after the evening's presentation. The winning ticket will be drawn at the April 14th meeting.

Reminder: only AAS members can go on field trips! Renew today if you haven't already. Download the Phoenix Chapter membership page from https://azarchsoc.wildapricot.org/Phoenix and mail the form and your check to the address shown, or you can renew and pay online using AffiniPay or a debit or credit card on the AAS website. Logon to www.AzArchSoc.org,click on Membership under About Us, and follow the instructions.

Upcoming Events:

March 9:     2020 Sonoran Symposium at the Sonoran Desert Inn and Conference Center in Ajo. Go to

                 https://www.sonoransymposium.com for more information.

March 10:   Book Sale, both fiction and non-fiction, archaeology-related preferred.

March 14:   1:30 pm. AAS/SWAT Study Group at Tempe History Museum. Call Ellen Martin at 480-820-1474

                 for more information or if you would like to be added to her email list.

TBD            The Baby Canyon Field Trip  had to be cancelled due to the weather. It will be rescheduled and 

                 those who signed up will all be on the list.

April 14:      Ron Parker, author of Chasing Centuries: The Search for Ancient Agave Cultivars Across the Desert Southwest;

                 with books available for purchase.

April 18       Loy Butte Area Pictographs Hike led by Wayne Swart; near Honanki, outsider Sedona. Meet at the Sedona Library

                 at 8 am. Moderate hike of about 4 miles round trip on mostly level ground, half of which is off trail. There is a less than

                 100 ft. ascent to the pictographs at the destination. Limited to 15 people. For more information email Eric Feldman at

                 feldbrain@gmail.com.

May 12:      Don Liponi, photographer and editor of La Rumorosa: Rock Art Along the Border, Volume 2, with books available

                 for purchase.

Upcoming Events at Pueblo Grande:

March 14:   9 am-3 pm. 20th Annual Ancient Technology Day on at PGM. Try your hand at throwing an atlatl, weaving cloth,

                and sample roasted agave. Artists will demonstrate how people used various technologies. Free arts and crafts

                activities are available for the kids. Enjoy various cultural, historic, and technology demonstrations and artifact

                show-and-tell stations throughout the day.

March 19:  10-10:45 am, Behind the Scenes Tour with Curator. Join collections staff for a “behind the scenes” tour of the

                museums’ collections.

March 21:   8-11 am, Mudslinging on the platform mound. Call 602- 495-0901 to volunteer.

March 27:   10-11 am. Guided Tour of the Park of the Four Waters takes you through the remnants of two very impressive

                 prehistoric canals. Sign up on the day of the tour.

March 21:   8 am-5 pm, PGM, Arizona Project Archaeology Master Teachers will hold Arizona's first all-day Teacher Workshop

                for 3rd to 5th grade history teachers. There is no cost to participants. Our generous sponsors will provide space,

                food and program materials. Go to https://www.asspfoundation.org/arizona-project-archaeology to download and fill

                out the application and submit to by the registration deadline of March 7. The class is limited to 20 participants.

Phoenix Chapter Meetings are held at 7 pm on the 2nd Tuesday of each month in the Community Room at the Pueblo Grande Museum, 4619 E. Washington St., Phoenix. We take the speaker to dinner at 5:30 pm at the Ruby Tuesday Restaurant on 44th Street and Washington just northwest of the museum. If you are interested in having dinner with the speaker, please call or email Marie (480-390-3491 or mbrit@cox.net) so that she can reserve a large enough table.

--Ellie Large

**For chapter news from earlier this year, go to the bottom of this page.

Phoenix Chapter Officers

Office Office Holder Telephone Email
President Ellie Large 480-461-0563 elarge@cox.net
Exec VP/Field Trips Eric Feldman 480-296-5217 feldbrain@gmail.com
Treasurer, Acting Gail Williams 480-855-7735 glwilliamsaz@yahoo.com
Secretary/Education Ellen Martin 480-820-1474 e13martin@hotmail.com
1-Year Dir/Membership Vicki Caltabiano 480-730-3289 vickierhart@cox.net
2-Year Dir/Field Trips Phyllis Smith 623-694-8245 76desert@gmail.com
3-Year Dir/Newsletter Nancy Unferth 602-371-1165
nferth@aol.com
Archivist/Cert Rep Marie Britton 480-827-8070 mbrit@cox.net
Advisor Laurene Montero 602-495-0901 laurene.montero@phoenix.gov 



PGM STABILIZATION - PHOENIX CHAPTER

Pueblo Grande is a Classic Period Hohokam site located in downtown Phoenix at Pueblo Grande Museum and Archaeological Park. This archaeological site has been designated a National Historic Landmark. For the past thirteen years the Arizona Archaeology Society, Phoenix Chapter volunteers along with the Southwest Archaeology Team have participated in doing stabilization, reconstruction, and general maintenance on the platform mound and adjacent room structures.

After the Hohokam abandoned this site, it fell into a state of self-stabilization where walls become protected by the material that eroded from above. Early excavations, especially in the 1930's, exposed many of these walls again. These adobe walls have been subjected to constant erosion from wind and rain as well as other agents of deterioration. Consequently, new adobe mud must be applied periodically to keep these structures from melting away. Stone faced walls require repointing to keep the stones from falling from the wall. Exposed room walls are protected by applying a thin layer of mud to the wall surface. Monitoring these architectural features for erosion damage is an on-going task.

A dedicated group of volunteers, known as the PGM Mudslingers meet one Saturday a month except in July and August. The Mudslingers work is coordinated by Laurene Montero (Phoenix City Archaeologist). All work is documented by detailed field notes and photos.

This partnership between the Mudslingers and the City Archaeologist is a great benefit to Pueblo Grande Museum and is very much appreciated by the Museum Director and the Parks and Recreation Department staff.



LOCAL MUSEUMS

Museum

Location

Website

Pueblo Grande Museum and Archaeological Park

4619 E. Washington Street, Phoenix AZ 85034

(602) 495-0901

Pueblo Grande Museum

Huhugam Heritage Center

 21359 S Maricopa Rd, Chandler, AZ 85226

grichhc.org

Huhugam Ki Museum

10005 E. Osborn Road, Scottsdale, Arizona 85256

(480) 850-8190

Huhugam Ki Museum

Arizona Museum of Natural History

53 N. Macdonald St., Mesa, AZ 85201

(480) 664-2230

Arizona Museum of Natural History

Cave Creek Museum

6140 East Skyline Drive, Cave Creek, AZ 85331

(480) 488-2764

Cave Creek Museum

San Tan Historical Society Museum 

20425 S Old Ellsworth Rd., Queen Creek, Az

(480) 987-9380

 San Tan Historical Society Museum

Scottsdale's Museum of the West

3830 N. Marshall Way, Scottsdale, AZ 85251

(480) 686-9539

 Scottsdale's Museum of the West



PHOENIX FEBRUARY CHAPTER NEWS

Feb. 11th Meeting: Gregory McNamee will present The Gila: River of History. Six hundred miles long from its source in the mountains of southwestern New Mexico to its confluence with the Colorado River above Yuma, the Gila has been an important avenue for the movement of birds, animals, plants, and peoples across the desert for millennia. Many cultures have sprung up on its banks, and millions of people depend on the river today - whether they know it or not. Gregory McNamee, author of the prizewinning book Gila: The Life and Death of an American River, presents a biography of this vital resource, drawing on Native American stories, pioneer memoirs, the writings of modern naturalists such as Aldo Leopold and Edward Abbey, and many other sources. Think of it as 70 million years of history packed into an entertaining, informative hour. To download a flyer for the February meeting, go to the Phoenix Chapter page on the AAS website.

Gregory McNamee is a writer, editor, photographer, and publisher. He is the author of 40 books and more than 6,000 articles and other publications. He is a contributing editor to the Encyclopædia Britannica, a research fellow at the Southwest Center of the University of Arizona, and a lecturer in the Eller School of Management at the University of Arizona. This presentation is made possible by the AZ Speaks program, the longest-running and most popular program of Arizona Humanities, a statewide 501(c)3 non-profit organization and the Arizona affiliate of the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Feb. 11th Silent Auction: Please collect any items you wish to donate for the silent auction and bring them with you. We will set up the room in the afternoon and we should be able to get into it soon after 6:30 pm. We will have our standard AAS donation sheets available for you to fill out. (If you want to fill them out beforehand and bring them with you, email me at elarge@cox.com and I will email them to you.) We will also be selling raffle tickets for an Acoma pot - you can buy tickets for the raffle before and after the evening's presentation. The winning ticket will be drawn at the April 14th meeting.

Jan. 14th Meeting: Janine Hernbrode presented Patterns in Petroglyphs: Hints of the Hohokam Cosmology on the Landscape. After 15 years of recording and analysis of more than 16,000 glyphs located in landscapes with similar characteristics, she and her research partner, Dr. Peter Boyle, have concluded that these images record the belief systems of its creators. The images are interwoven into lines and circles and more complex images carefully placed in very particular locations on the landscape. By applying the scientific method to the patterns observed, by working with ethnographic accounts and linguistic analysis by others, and by consulting with indigenous people, they have gained some understanding of, and identified threads of continuity between, Native American belief systems and rock art motifs. She carefully led us through the reasoning behind their conclusions. It was a really good and thought-provoking presentation.

Reminder: only AAS members can go on field trips! Renew today if you haven't already. You can renew by downloading the Phoenix Chapter membership page from https://azarchsoc.wildapricot.org/Phoenix and mailing the form and your check to the address shown, or you can renew and pay online using AffiniPay or a debit or credit card on the AAS website. Logon to www.AzArchSoc.org,click on Membership under About Us, and follow the instructions.

Upcoming Field Trips:

Feb. 22     Baby Canyon on the Agua Fria National Monument with Mike Hoogendyk. Ruins, petroglyphs. Bad road, easy hike. Needs

               a high-clearance, 4 x 4 truck or jeep. [OR we can ask Mike to take us to an easy access ruin. He has dedicated his life

               to exploring AFNM, and is very knowledgeable about the history and prehistory of the area. If the weather's bad, the

               river is high, or the mud is deep, we'll do an easy access hike to another site in the AFNM or in the Phoenix area. Email

               Phyllis at 76desert@gmail.com and let her know what you want to do.

TBD          Loy Butte Area Pictographs Hike led by Wayne Swart; near Honanki, outsider Sedona. About 2 miles one way, a little bit

               of bush-whacking. If there is any interest we can visit a ruin site about one mile further down the same path.

Upcoming Meetings:

March 10   Allen Dart, Az Humanities, The Antiquity of Irrigation in the Southwest

April 14:    Ron Parker, author of Chasing Centuries: The Search for Ancient Agave Cultivars Across the Desert Southwest;

               with books available for purchase

May 12:    Don Liponi, La Rumorosa: Rock Art Along the Border, Volume 2, with books available for purchase

Upcoming Events:

Feb. 7       12-1 pm, PGM. Free lecture on Hohokam Marine Shell Jewelry Acquisition, Production, and Use at Pueblo Grande

                    by Andrea Gregory, ACS.

Feb. 14      12-1 pm, PGM. Free lecture on Akimel O’odham and Pee Posh Bow and Arrow Technology: Modern Experimental

                   Testing of Ancient Designs by Chris Loendorf, GRIC.

Feb. 15      1:30 pm. AAS/SWAT Study Group at Tempe History Museum. Call Ellen Martin at 480-820-1474  for more information or

                if you would like to be added to her email list.

Feb. 21      12-1 pm, PGM. Free lecture on The Ghost Canals of Phoenix: Using aerial photography and mapping data to

                    identify the persistent patterns of early Phoenix irrigation by Dan Garcia, SRP

Feb. 22      11 am-3 pm. Mata Ortiz pottery and Zapotec weaving show and sale. Dr. John Bezy will be available for questions

                about the Mata Ortiz ceramic tradition and the archaeological area of Paquimé (Casas Grandes, Chihuahua). Master

                artist Oralia López will answer your questions about the intricate process of painting these pots. Internationally

                renowned Zapotec weavers from Teotitlan del Valle, Oaxaca, Mexico will answer questions on the textiles.

March 9:    2020 Sonoran Symposium at the Sonoran Desert Inn and Conference Center in Ajo. Go to

                https://www.sonoransymposium.com for more information.

Upcoming Fundraiser: We will have a Book Sale at our March meeting. Please collect any books, posters, maps, etc., that you want to donate and bring them to the meeting on March 10th. We have already received a generous donation of about 40 archaeology books and pamphlets from Don Schuldes in memory of his wife, Marilyn Schuldes, who was a long-time member of the Phoenix Chapter. We will donate the proceeds to PGM.

The Phoenix Chapter meets at 7 pm on the 2nd Tuesday of each month in the Community Room at the Pueblo Grande Museum, 4619 E. Washington St., Phoenix. We take the speaker to dinner at 5:30 pm at the Ruby Tuesday Restaurant on 44th Street and Washington just northwest of the museum. If you are interested in having dinner with the speaker, please call or email Marie (480-390-3491 or mbrit@cox.net) so that she can reserve a large enough table.

--Ellie Large


Phoenix January 2020 Chapter News


Jan. 14th Meeting: Janine Hernbrode will talk about Patterns in Petroglyphs: Hints of the Hohokam Cosmology on the Landscape. Fifteen years of rock art recording on four major petroglyph sites in Southern Arizona has enabled the assembly of motif details, drawings and photographs of more than 16,000 glyphs located in landscapes with similar characteristics. This vast collection of images records the belief systems of its creators. There were no scenes of everyday life, of grinding corn, or plans for constructing pit houses. The images recording their belief system are interwoven into lines and circles and more complex images carefully placed on the landscape. By applying the scientific method to the patterns observed, by working with ethnographic accounts and linguistic analysis by others, and by consulting with indigenous people, we have gained some understanding of, and identified threads of continuity between, Native American belief systems and rock art motifs. To download a flyer for the January meeting, go to the Phoenix Chapter page on the AAS website.

Janine Hernbrode is an independent rock art recorder and researcher based in Tucson and is on the board of Archaeology Southwest. Wary of becoming relentless quantifiers through rock art recording, she and her research partner, Dr. Peter Boyle, worked together to collect and analyze data obtained from their recordings of Tumamoc Hill, the Sutherland Wash Rock Art District, and the Cocoraque Butte and Cocoraque Ranch. Hernbrode and Boyle demonstrate that ethnographic and linguistic information can suggest links to both sacred landscapes and some motifs found in rock art. Janine and Peter received the 2019 Crabtree Award from the Society for American Archaeology, which is presented annually to an outstanding avocational archaeologist in remembrance of the singular contributions of Don Crabtree. Janine is also the Leader of the Rock Band, a group of volunteer rock art recorders whose work was honored by the State Historic Preservation Office. She and the Rock Band currently are working to inventory and record the rock art in the Tucson Mountain District of Saguaro National Park, as part of an effort to understand the variety of sites in a portion of the Avra Valley.

Dec. 10th Meeting: At the December meeting we held the election for 2020's board officers. They are:

President:  Ellie Large                   1-Year Dir/Newsletter:     Nancy Unferth

Exec VP:   Eric Feldman               2-Year Dir/Field Trips:      Phyllis Smith

Treasurer:  Gail Williams              3-Year Dir/Membership:   Vicki Caltabiano

Secretary:  Ellen Martin                Archivist/Cert Rep            Marie Britton

The presentation was on Angkor Wat and the Khmer Empire of Cambodia by Todd W. Bostwick, Ph.D. Todd gave a very interesting presentation on his recent trip to Cambodia to view the remains of a remarkable group of ancient stone temples built in the tropical forests of Cambodia and Thailand between the 8th and 13th centuries AD. The temples are not only impressive in size but are elaborately decorated with beautifully carved sculptures of Hindu gods, sacred dancing girls, and Buddha faces on lintels, walls, and free-standing stelae before and within the temples. The urban complex of the World Heritage site of Angkor Wat in modern day Siem Reap, Cambodia, is at least 200 square kilometers in area. He included some of the latest research at this World Heritage site as well as giving us some interesting sidelights on the trip itself.

Upcoming Field Trips:

Jan 18   Cocoraque Ranch Petroglyph Site tour with Janine Hernbrode. $20 fee. Sign up at the Jan. 14 meeting or email Eric

            at feldbrain@hotmail.com

TBD       Feb. or March, depending on the weather. Phyllis contacted Mike Hoogendyk and we have a tentative field trip to

               Baby Canyon or another site in Agua Fria National Monument. Bad road, easy hike.

TBD       Loy Butte Area Pictographs Hike led by Wayne Swart. About 2 miles one way, a little bit of bush-whacking. If there

            is any interest we can visit a ruin site about one mile further down the same path.

Upcoming Conference:

Jan. 30-Feb. 1: The 2020 Southwest Symposium will be held on the ASU Tempe campus in the Ventana Ballroom of the Memorial

                      Union. The theme is Thinking Big: New Approaches to Synthesis and Partnership in the Southwest-

                           Northwest. Go to https://www.southwestsymposium.org for more information.

March 9-12:     2020 Sonoran Symposium at the Sonoran Desert Inn and Conference Center in Ajo. Go to

                      https://www.sonoransymposium.com for more information.

The Phoenix Chapter meets at 7 pm on the 2nd Tuesday of each month in the Community Room at the Pueblo Grande Museum, 4619 E. Washington St., Phoenix. We take the speaker to dinner at 5:30 pm at the Ruby Tuesday Restaurant on 44th Street and Washington just northwest of the museum. If you are interested in having dinner with the speaker, please call or email Marie (480-390-3491 or mbrit@cox.net) so that she can reserve a large enough table.

--Ellie Large

Phoenix December 2019 Chapter News

Dec. 10th Meeting: The December meeting is our Holiday Potluck, which will begin at 6 pm, followed by a short business meeting and annual election about 7 pm. If joining us for the potluck, please bring  a side dish or dessert to share; meats, rolls and beverages are provided by the chapter. Everyone who attends the potluck will receive a raffle ticket, and after the presentation we will draw tickets for the table decorations.

At the December meeting we will hold the election for next year's board officers. The slate is:

President:   Ellie Large                 1-Year Dir/Newsletter:     Nancy Unferth

Exec VP:     Eric Feldman              2-Year Dir/Field Trips:      Phyllis Smith

Treasurer:   Gail Williams               3-Year Dir/Membership:    Vicki Caltabiano

Secretary:   Ellen Martin                Archivist/Cert Rep           Marie Britton

Temple at Angkor Wat and Detail View of Carved Wall

The presentation, which will begin about 7:30 pm, is on Angkor Wat and the Khmer Empire of Cambodia by Todd W. Bostwick, Ph.D. Angkor Wat  is one of a remarkable group of ancient stone temples that were built in the tropical forests of Cambodia and Thailand between the 8th and 13th centuries AD. The urban complex in modern day Siem Reap, Cambodia is at least 200 square kilometers in area. Their temples are not only impressive in size but are elaborately decorated with beautifully carved sculptures of Hindu gods, sacred dancing girls, and Buddha faces on lintels, walls, and free-standing stelae before and within the temples. This talk will focus on a number of those temples, including Angkor Wat, and will include some of the latest research at this World Heritage site.

Dr. Bostwick has been conducting archaeological research in the Southwest for 40 years.  He was the Phoenix City Archaeologist for 21 years at the Pueblo Grande Museum and is now the Director of Archaeology at the Verde Valley Archaeology Center in Camp Verde. He has an M.A. in Anthropology and a Ph.D. in History from Arizona State University, and taught classes at both ASU and Northern Arizona University for seven years. He has published numerous books and articles on Southwest archaeology and history, and his projects have received awards from the National Park Service, the Arizona Governor’s Archaeology Advisory Commission, and the Arizona Archaeological Society.

Nov. 12th Meeting: John Langan, Archaeological Project Director for Aztec Eng., Phoenix, explained what was learned from the excavation of 25 sites in advance of highway widening along State Route 86, which stretches from Why, Az., to Interstate 19 just south of Tucson. Prior archaeological interpretations were based on work at only four sites in the eastern Papaguería (Ventana Cave, Jackrabbit Ruin, Valshni Village, and Gu Achi) which were thought to be rare sedentary or semi-sedentary outposts in a sparsely populated region. Other than Ventana Cave, which was almost continuously occupied from the Archaic through the historic periods, no evidence for occupation between ca. AD 150 and 750 had been found. The SR86 projects provided evidence for more settled populations continuously occupying the Baboquivari Valley and the foothills of the Quinlan Mountains from the Late Archaic-Early Agricultural period through at least the protohistoric period. Formalized pithouses, maize agriculture, and a complex and distinctive mortuary pattern indicate a greater degree of permanence than previously recognized. These populations may have practiced a somewhat mobile subsistence strategy, similar to the “two-village” approach common to historic Tohono O’odham groups. Nearly all sites from which reliable dates were obtained included more than one temporal component, suggesting repeated occupations.

Jan. 14th Meeting: Janine Hernbrode, Archaeology Southwest, will talk about Patterns in Petroglyphs: Hints of the Hohokam Cosmology on the Landscape

Jan 18th Field Trip: Cocoraque Ranch Petroglyph Site tour with Janine Hernbrode. $20 fee. More information later. (See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cocoraque_Butte_Archaeological_District for more info on the site.)

Upcoming Conference:

Jan. 30-Feb. 1: The 2020 Southwest Symposium Biennial Archaeological Conference will be held on the ASU Tempe campus in the Ventana Ballroom of the Memorial Union. The theme is Thinking Big: New Approaches to Synthesis and Partnership in the Southwest-Northwest. Go to https://www.southwestsymposium.org for more info.

The Phoenix Chapter meets at 7 pm on the 2nd Tuesday of each month in the Community Room at the Pueblo Grande Museum, 4619 E. Washington St., Phoenix. We take the speaker to dinner at 5:30 pm at the Ruby Tuesday Restaurant on 44th Street and Washington just northwest of the museum. If you are interested in having dinner with the speaker, please call or email Marie (480-390-3491 or mbrit@cox.net) so that she can reserve a large enough table.

--Ellie Large

Phoenix November Chapter News


Nov. 12th Meeting: John Langan, Archaeological Project Director for Aztec Eng., Phoenix, will explain what was learned from Recent Excavations in the Eastern Papaguería. Excavation of 25 sites in advance of highway widening along State Route 86 since 2010 has yielded some of the only data pertaining to small sites in the area between the Tucson Basin and the western Papaguería. (SR86 stretches from Why, Az., to Interstate 19 just south of Tucson). Prior archaeological interpretations were based on work at only four sites in the eastern Papaguería (Ventana Cave, Jackrabbit Ruin, Valshni Village, and Gu Achi) which were thought to be rare sedentary or semi-sedentary outposts in a sparsely populated region. Other than Ventana Cave, which was almost continuously occupied from the Archaic through the historic periods, no evidence for occupation between ca. AD 150 and 750 had been found. The SR86 projects provide evidence for more settled populations continuously occupying the Baboquivari Valley and the foothills of the Quinlan Mountains from the Late Archaic-Early Agricultural period through at least the protohistoric period. Formalized pithouses, maize agriculture, and a complex and distinctive mortuary pattern indicate a greater degree of permanence than previously recognized. These populations may have practiced a somewhat mobile subsistence strategy, similar to the “two-village” approach common to historic Tohono O’odham groups. Nearly all sites from which reliable dates were obtained included more than one temporal component, suggesting repeated occupations.

John Langan has a B.A. in Anthropology from the University of Arizona and has worked in Cultural Resources Management since 2001, when he began working for the National Park Service. He joined AZTEC’s cultural resources program in 2007 and has since participated in hundreds of archaeological and environmental projects in support of transportation and infrastructure development. He has become particularly interested in the archaeology of the Papaguería from working on the SR 86 projects. He is keenly interested in mobilizing the information gathered by CRM projects to further public and academic understanding of prehistory and history

Oct. 8th Meeting: The speakers for our October meeting were Drs. Suzanne and Paul Fish, ASM, Tucson, who talked about Two Early Villages on Tumamoc Hill. Before excavations began on Tumamoc Hill in 1985, this trincheras site located just west of downtown Tucson was thought to be a late Classic Period Hohokam site that contained only sleeping circles. Excavations revealed that it had been occupied much earlier and contained the remains of two sequential villages. The preceramic Cienega phase village dates between 500 and 200 BC, toward the end of the Early Agricultural period, and the residents had constructed some, if not all, of the 1.9 km of massive summit walls and terraces on the hill. A central community room was reused in the later Tortolita phase village which had plain and red-slipped ceramics dating to about AD 500. Well-preserved foundations of just over 150 Tortolita phase houses revealed occupational groupings that foreshadow later Hohokam courtyards.

Upcoming Meetings:

Dec. 10:  Todd Bostwick, VVAC, Ankgor and the Khmer Empire of Cambodia

Jan. 14:   Janine Hernbrode, ASW, Patterns in Petroglyphs: Hints of the Hohokam Cosmology on the Landscape

Upcoming Field Trips:

(TBD):       Field trip to a site on the Barry M. Goldwater Range East. Details later.

Jan 18:      Cocoraque Ranch tour with Janine Hernbrode. $25 fee. More information later.

Upcoming Conferences:

Nov. 8:      All day. The 2019 Arizona Archaeological Council Conference will be held at PGM. This year's theme is Current Research in Arizona Archaeology. For more information, go to http://www.arizonaarchaeologicalcouncil.org/.

Jan. 30-Feb. 1:  The 2020 Southwest Symposium Biennial Archaeological Conference will be held on the ASU Tempe campus. The theme is Thinking Big: New Approaches to Synthesis and Partnership in the Southwest-Northwest. Go to https://www.southwestsymposium.org for more info.

The Phoenix Chapter meets at 7 pm on the 2nd Tuesday of each month in the Community Room at the Pueblo Grande Museum, 4619 E. Washington St., Phoenix. We take the speaker to dinner at 5:30 pm at the Ruby Tuesday Restaurant on 44th Street and Washington just northwest of the museum. If you are interested in having dinner with the speaker, please call or email Marie (480-390-3491 or mbrit@cox.net) so that she can reserve a large enough table.

--Ellie Large

Phoenix October Chapter News

Oct. 8th Meeting: The speakers for our October meeting will be Drs. Suzanne and Paul Fish, ASM, Tucson, who will talk about Two Early Villages on Tumamoc Hill. Tumamoc Hill is a trincheras site located just west of downtown Tucson. Before the appearance of red-painted pottery, early farmers of the Tucson Basin occupied two sequential villages on Tumamoc Hill. The preceramic Cienega phase village dates between 500 and 200 BC, toward the end of the Early Agricultural period. The residents constructed some, if not all, of the 1.9 km of massive summit walls and terraces on the h ill. A central community room was reused in the later Tortolita phase village which had plain and red-slipped ceramics dating to about AD 500. Well-preserved foundations of  just over 150 Tortolita phase houses reveal occupational groupings that foreshadow later Hohokam courtyard groups.

Suzanne Fish received her Ph.D. from the UA in Arid Lands Resource Sciences. Paul Fish received his Ph.D. from ASU in Anthropology. Both are Curators Emeriti of Archaeology at the Arizona State Museum, and Professors Emeriti in the School of Anthropology, University of Arizona. Suzanne specializes in Hohokam archaeology, organization of non-state agrarian societies, regional settlement patterns, archaeological palynology, and Sonoran Desert ethnobotany and traditional agriculture, including prehispanic agave cultivation. She has published extensively on the archaeology and ethnobotany of the Southwest U.S., the archaeology of central and northwest Mexico, and on the shell mounds of coastal Brazil. Paul has studied the Hohokam tradition for over 40 years and has authored numerous publications on the prehispanic archaeology and traditional agriculture of the region. He has also conducted fieldwork and research in northwest Mexico, southern coastal Brazil, the U. S. Southeast, and the eastern Mediterranean.

Sept. 10th Meeting: We had a full house to hear our September speaker, Chris Loendorf, Senior Project Manager for the Gila River Indian Community Cultural Resource Management Program. His talk was titled The Hohokam to Akimel O’Odham Continuum: The Transition from Prehistory to History in the Phoenix Basin of Southern Arizona. When Spanish missionaries first visited the Phoenix Basin in the 18th century, the middle Gila River was one of the few places in southern Arizona where sedentary irrigation farmers still lived. Yet since that time the relationship between the prehistoric population (the Hohokam) and the historic occupants (the Akimel O’odham or Pima) has been debated. Most research has focused on traditions that changed over time, a typical archaeological approach, while those that didn’t change have been largely ignored. In fact, extensive archaeological research provides compelling evidence for continuity in cultural practices over time, such as paddle-and-anvil pottery production, agricultural practices, projectile points, and house construction. The archaeological data also suggests that the population moved back and forth between the Salt River Valley and the Gila River Valley as changes in precipitation in the headwaters of the Gila and Salt rivers changed the amount of water available for irrigation. In addition the stories also suggest that the population grew and declined several times, possibly in response to those changes.

Upcoming Meetings:

Nov. 12:     John Langan, Aztec Eng., Phoenix, Recent Excavations in the Eastern Papaguería

Dec. 10:     Todd Bostwick, VVAC, Ankgor and the Khmer Empire of Cambodia

Jan. 14:      Janine Hernbrode, ASW, Patterns in Petroglyphs: Hints of the Hohokam Cosmology on

                   the Landscape

Upcoming Field Trips:


Oct. (TBD): Field trip to a site on the Barry M. Goldwater Range East. Details later.


Oct. 12:      The San Tan Chapter is sponsoring a field trip with their advisor, Chris Loendorf, to the Tonto

                  National Monument and Cline Terrace Mound in the Roosevelt Basin. Contact Marie Britton

                  (480-390-3491 or mbrit@cox.net) for more details and to be added to the list.


Jan 18         Cocoraque Ranch tour with Janine Hernbrode. $25 fee. More information later.

Upcoming Events:


Oct. 25-27  AAS State Meeting in Sedona. For details read the September Petroglyph or go to the AAS

                 Website and select Annual Meeting under the About Us tab. (www.AzArchSoc.wildapricot.org)

Upcoming Conferences:


Oct. 4-6     The Southwest Kiln Conference, Globe. Times TBA; free. For more info go to

                 https://www.swkiln.com/.

Oct. 11-13  21st Biennial Jornada Mogollon Archaeology Conference, El Paso Museum of Archaeology,

                 El Paso. For more info, contact Jeff Romney at 915-755-4332 or RomneyJK@elpasotexas.gov.

                 Times. Registration fees TBA.

Nov. 8        All day. The 2019 Arizona Archaeological Council Conference will be held at PGM. This

                 year's theme is Current Research in Arizona Archaeology. Go to 

                 http://www.arizonaarchaeologicalcouncil.org/ for more information

Jan. 30    The 2020 Southwest Symposium Biennial Archaeological Conference will be held on the

 Feb. 1:      ASU Tempe campus. The conference website is: https://www.southwestsymposium.org.

The Phoenix Chapter meets at 7 pm on the 2nd Tuesday of each month in the Community Room at the Pueblo Grande Museum, 4619 E. Washington St., Phoenix. We take the speaker to dinner at 5:30 pm at the Ruby Tuesday Restaurant on 44th Street and Washington just northwest of the museum. If you are interested in having dinner with the speaker, please call or email Marie (480-390-3491 or mbrit@cox.net) so that she can reserve a large enough table.

--Ellie Large


Phoenix September Chapter News


September 10th Meeting: Our speaker will be Chris Loendorf, Senior Project Manager for the Gila River Indian Community Cultural Resource Management Program. His topic is The Hohokam to Akimel O’Odham Continuum: The Transition from Prehistory to History in the Phoenix Basin of Southern Arizona. When Spanish missionaries first visited the Phoenix Basin in the 18th century, the middle Gila River was one of the few places in southern Arizona where sedentary irrigation farmers still lived. Since that time the relationship between the prehistoric populations (Hohokam) and the Historic people (Akimel O’odham or Pima) has been debated. However, most research has focused on traditions that changed over time, while those that didn’t change have been largely ignored. In fact, extensive archaeological research provides compelling evidence for continuity in cultural practices over time. Furthermore, Akimel O’odham cultural knowledge regarding their past has been largely ignored or misunderstood, although this information provides considerable insight into the past. While many changes occurred between prehistory and history in southern Arizona, this is part of a much longer cycle of episodic variation in cultural traditions that is documented in the Akimel O’odham stories.

Chris Loendorf has been employed by the Gila River Indian Community Cultural Resource Management Program for the last 20 years. He earned his B.A. at the University of Montana and his M.A. and Ph.D. at ASU, and has worked on a wide variety of archaeological projects from the Southwest to the Northern Plains since 1981. He has studied Hohokam archaeology since coming to Arizona in 1989 to work on the Roosevelt Platform Mound Study. His research expertise includes projectile point design, rock art analysis, mortuary studies, and x-ray florescence analysis of archaeological remains.

Upcoming Meetings:

Oct. 8:                Paul & Suzy Fish, ASM, Tucson, Two Early Villages of Tumamoc Hill

Nov. 12:             John Langan, Aztec Eng., Phoenix, Recent Excavations in the Eastern Papaguería

Dec. 10:             Todd Bostwick, VVAC, Ankgor and the Khmer Empire of Cambodia

Upcoming Events:

Oct. 25-27         AAS State Meeting in Sedona; For more information or to download the registration form, go to the Annual Meeting tab

                          under About Us on the AAS website, https://azarchsoc.wildapricot.org/

Upcoming Conferences:

Oct. 4-6             The Southwest Kiln Conference, Globe. Times TBA; free. For more info go to https://www.swkiln.com/.

Oct. 11-13         21st  Biennial Jornada Mogollon Archaeology Conference, El Paso Museum of Archaeology,  El Paso. For more info,

                          contact Jeff Romney at 915-755-4332 or RomneyJK@elpasotexas.gov. Times and registration fees TBA.

Jan. 30-Feb. 1:  The 2020 Southwest Symposium Biennial Archaeological Conference will be held at the ASU Tempe campus. The

                          theme is Thinking Big: New Approaches to Synthesis and Partnership in the Southwest-Northwest. The conference

                          website is: https://www.southwestsymposium.org.

The Phoenix Chapter meets at 7 pm on the 2nd Tuesday of each month in the Community Room at the Pueblo Grande Museum, 4619 E. Washington St., Phoenix. We take the speaker to dinner at 5:30 pm at the Ruby Tuesday Restaurant on 44th Street and Washington just northwest of the museum. If you are interested in having dinner with the speaker, please call or email Marie (480-827-8070 or mbrit@cox.net) so that she can reserve a large enough table.

--Ellie Large


To download the May flyer, click on the link below:

May Flyer

Phoenix May Chapter News

May 14th Meeting: How a River, a Terrace, and a Butte Influenced the Spatial Development of a Hohokam Village by Erik Steinbach, Sr. Assoc. Archaeologist, Logan Simpson, Tempe. The Hohokam site of La Plaza is an extensive multi-component site that lies at the base of Tempe Butte and continues east along the edge of the Lehi terrace of the Salt River underneath the City of Tempe and the ASU Tempe campus. Early settlement of Tempe covered major portions of the site before its spatial extent could be documented. Due to the limited size and fragmentation of the projects that have been done, it has been difficult to put together a large-scale study of the entire village. Erik will review published data from over three dozen CRM projects undertaken in the last 40 years to trace the development of La Plaza through time and tie its spatial layout to the geographic benefits and restraints of the the Salt River, the Mesa Terrace, and Tempe Butte.

Erik Steinbach is a Sr. Associate Archaeologist with Logan Simpson, Tempe. He has been involved in archaeology for over 20 years, and has been employed in Arizona, mostly in the Phoenix area, for the past 15 years. He began his career as a volunteer at the Iron Age site of Tel Rehov in the Jordan Valley in Israel, and returned for 9 field seasons as a field supervisor and cartographer. In 2000 he received a scholarship to study at the W. F. Albright Institute for Archaeological Research in Jerusalem. He graduated with a BA in Anthropology from ASU in 2003. He has directed field crews on archaeological surveys and excavations throughout Arizona and has authored or coauthored over 100 technical reports.

April 9th Meeting: Andrea Gregory, Director of Cultural Resources for Archaeological Consulting Services, talked about Subsistence, Ceramic Production, and Exchange at Farmstead Sites on the Queen Creek Bajada. Evidence recovered from two farmstead sites during a recent project showed that outlying areas along the Queen Creek delta and bajada were occupied from the Pioneer well into the Classic Period, with peak use during the Sedentary Period. Although small, these sites maintained contact with middle Gila River communities throughout the Sedentary and show increased local ceramic production from the Sedentary through the early Classic, a trend that has been identified at other Hohokam sites during that era. 

April 7th Tour of the Museum of the West: DFC members Jim and Jan Patton led us on a tour of selected exhibits including a wonderful exhibit of 65 pieces of Hopi yellow ware that includes works that are 500 years old, and 18 original Nampeyo works.

Upcoming Events:

May 7, 5:30 pm, Archaeology Cafe, Talk: The Greater Gila River: Public Lands, Tribal Lands, and Our Connections to These Places by William H. Doelle. At Changing Hands Bookstore, 300 W Camelback Rd, Phx.

Upcoming Conferences:

June 12, 8 am-5 pm, Archaeology Workshop at the 2019 Arizona Historic Preservation Conference, Prescott. For more information or to register, go to https://azpreservation.com/

The Phoenix Chapter meets at 7 pm on the 2nd Tuesday of each month in the Community Room at the Pueblo Grande Museum, 4619 E. Washington St., Phoenix. We take the speaker to dinner at 5:30 pm at the Ruby Tuesday Restaurant on 44th Street and Washington just northwest of the museum. If you are interested in having dinner with the speaker, please call or email Marie (480-827-8070 or mbrit@cox.net) so that she can reserve a large enough table.

--Ellie Large


Phoenix April Chapter News

April 9th Meeting: Andrea Gregory, Director of Cultural Resources for Archaeological Consulting Services, will talk about Subsistence, Ceramic Production, and Exchange at Farmstead Sites on the Queen Creek Bajada. Evidence recovered from two farmstead sites during a recent project shows that outlying areas along the Queen Creek delta and bajada were occupied from the Pioneer well into the Classic Period, with peak use during the Sedentary Period. Although small, these sites maintained contact with middle Gila River communities throughout the Sedentary and also show increased local ceramic production from the Sedentary through the early Classic, a trend that has been identified at other Hohokam sites during that era. 

March 9th Ancient Technology Day: Marie & Jim Britton along with Sylvia Lesko (out for a visit from San Francisco) showed more than 100 children how to make miniature adobe bricks. PGM had all the equipment we needed, as well as table, chairs and a shade canopy. They graciously supplied a large tarp, brick forms, foil-covered cardboard disks, trowels, a mixing bin, shovel, hoe and a broom for clean-up, as well as 6 large buckets full of dirt and all the water we needed to make the mud for the bricks. We set up a hand-washing station with towels they provided. We demonstrated how to fill the form with mud, smooth it out and then punch the brick out of the form.  PGM staff mentioned they had a good day and attendance was over 400 people. Marie says  that 75% of them were the children who flocked to this activity as evidenced by all the bricks drying in the sun.

March 12th Meeting: Garry Cantley, Regional Archaeologist, BIA Western Region, explained the 1979 Archaeological Resources Protection Act (ARPA), one of the federal government’s tools against looting of archaeological resources on federal and Indian land. In addition to giving us an overview of the law, he gave us several examples drawn from previous ARPA investigations. It was a good talk followed by a good Q&A session.

March 17th Field Trip to Cline Creek: Larry Morehouse from the Desert Foothills Chapter led 8 of us on a field trip to the Cline Creek area north of New River in the Tonto National Forest. It was a beautiful spring day and there were a lot of wildflowers in bloom. We drove in around 2 miles and parked and then hiked roughly a mile to a Hohokam site that was inhabited from about 900 to 1150 AD. There is a hilltop ruin (Room with a View) about 500 ft. above the site at the peak of the adjacent mountain. After exploring the area for a while we hiked back for part 2, a small but very unusual petroglyph site on a hilltop about 120 ft. above the main trail. This is an interesting area worthy of more exploration. A big Thank You to Larry.

Upcoming Tour: April 7th, 1 pm, Museum Tour to the Museum of the West, 3830 N Marshall Way, Scottsdale. Desert Foothills Chapter members Jim and Jan Patton, who are also docents at the Museum, will lead us on a tour of select exhibits. There is a wonderful exhibit of 65 pieces of Hopi yellow ware that includes works that are 500 years old, and 18 original Nampeyo works. Jim also suggests that we tour the 2nd floor exhibit, Courage and Crossroads, that includes a number of 19th century original artworks (e.g., Catlin, Bodmer, Arthur Jacob Miller) and some very interesting Plains Indian ethnographic pieces. Those two exhibits should occupy us for 60-90 minutes. There is free, time unlimited public parking behind the museum in the underground site via the east/west alley on the north side of the museum.  If 15 of us show up, we get a small group discount. Admission: Adults: $15; Seniors (65+) and Active Military: $13; Students (Full-time with ID): $8. Email Phyllis at 76desert@gmail.com to sign up. You must sign up in advance and your name must be on her list.  DO NOT JUST SHOW UP AT THE MUSEUM.  Phoenix Chapter members have priority, and your dues must have been paid for 2019. Limited to 30 people.

The Phoenix Chapter meets at 7 pm on the 2nd Tuesday of each month in the Community Room at the Pueblo Grande Museum, 4619 E. Washington St., Phoenix. We take the speaker to dinner at 5:30 pm at the Ruby Tuesday Restaurant on 44th Street and Washington just northwest of the museum. If you are interested in having dinner with the speaker, please call or email Marie (480-827-8070 or mbrit@cox.net) so that she can reserve a large enough table.

--Ellie Large

Phoenix March Chapter News

March 12th Meeting: Garry Cantley, Regional Archaeologist, BIA Western Region, will discuss the 1979 Archaeological Resources Protection Act (ARPA), one of the federal government’s tools against looting of archaeological resources on federal and Indian land. Besides giving an overview of the law, he will intersperse his presentation with examples drawn from previous ARPA investigations. Garry has over 40 years’ experience in archeology throughout many parts of North America. He received his undergraduate degree from the Universidad de las Americas in Cholula, Puebla, Mexico and an M.A. from Arizona State University. He has been with the Bureau of Indian Affairs in Phoenix since 1992 and  has received numerous awards for superior performance as Regional Archeologist for the Western Region. He received the Arizona Governor’s Archaeology Advisory Commission’s Award in Public Archaeology (Professional Archeologist) in 2013.

March 17th Field Trip (rescheduled from Feb. 24): Larry Morehouse from the Desert Foothills Chapter will take us to Cline Creek. There are both Hohokam and a couple of Apache petroglyphs and a habitation site. The petroglyphs are up the hill (of course), about a 10-minute climb. The village is up the wash about a mile. It is a moderate hike with some bushwhacking thru vegetation (including catclaw). There is no trail. Starting time will be between 7 and 9 am depending on how hot it is. This will be a 3 to 4 hour outing, plus your travel time to the New River area. Bring the usual: boots, hat, sun screen, long sleeves and pants, hiking stick, water, food, more water. High clearance only; no passenger cars, but we can carpool from the meeting place. 20 people maximum; Phoenix Chapter members have priority. Email Phyllis: 76desert@gmail.com to sign up

February 12th Meeting: Matt Peeples, Ph.D., ASU,  Archaeological Fakes and Frauds in Arizona and Beyond. Matt described several fantastic claims, such as the "Cardiff Giant," the "prehistoric" Acámbaro dinosaur figurines from Guanajuato, Mexico, and the Spanish treasure "found" near Tucson In addition to debunking these claims, he discussed how and why pseudoscientific claims take hold, what we can do about it, and why they  have the potential to do real damage to archaeological resources and the scientific process. For more info, go to http://www.badarchaeology.com/out-of-place-artefacts/mysterious-objects/the-acambaro-figurines.

Upcoming Meetings:

April 9       Andrea Gregory, ACS, Subsistence, Ceramic Production, and Exchange at Farmstead Sites on the Queen Creek Bajada

May 14      Erik Steinbach, Logan Simpson, How a River, a Terrace, and a Butte Influenced the Spatial Development of a Hohokam Village

The Phoenix Chapter meets at 7 pm on the 2nd Tuesday of each month in the Community Room at the Pueblo Grande Museum, 4619 E. Washington St., Phoenix. We will take the speaker to dinner at 5:30 pm at the Ruby Tuesday Restaurant on 44th Street and Washington just northwest of the museum. If you are interested in having dinner with the speaker, please call or email Marie (480-827-8070 or mbrit@cox.net) so that she can reserve a large enough table.

--Ellie Large

Phoenix February Chapter News

February 12th Meeting: Matt Peeples, Ph.D., ASU,  Archaeological Fakes and Frauds in Arizona and Beyond. Depictions of archaeology in popular culture are full of dubious tales of ancient extraterrestrials, lost civilizations, giants, and widespread scientific conspiracy. In this talk, Matt will explore such fantastic claims, focusing on a few popular claims here in our own backyard in Arizona. His goal is not to simply “debunk” these claims, though he will do that too, but to further explore how and why pseudoscientific claims take hold in the popular imagination and what we can do about it. Are such claims just silly fun, or do they do have the potential to do real damage to archaeological resources and the scientific process?

Matt is an assistant professor and archaeologist in the School of Human Evolution & Social Change at Arizona State University and co-director of the ASU Center for Archaeology and Society. He conducts field and lab research focused on the greater Cibola region in New Mexico and Arizona and also collaborates on a number of large projects focused on synthesizing settlement data from across the U.S. Southwest and Mexican Northwest. One of his major collaborative projects involves the use of social network analysis to explore how pre-Hispanic indigenous farmers survived and thrived in this unpredictable arid environment and what lessons their successes and failures can offer those of us living here today.

January 8th Meeting: The speaker at our January meeting was E. Charles Adams, Ph.D., who talked about 13,000 years of Migration in the Homol'ovi area. Six years of research on Rock Art Ranch near Winslow by Arizona State Museum archaeologists has documented human use going back to Clovis times. The ranch was a focus of intensive hunting, gathering, and small-scale agriculture during the Basketmaker II period from 1000 BCE to 500 CE. During the 1200s, Mogollon groups from the south built numerous small pueblos throughout the region and later joined Pueblo groups from the north to build and occupy the large Homol’ovi pueblos along the Little Colorado River. Evidence of this lengthy use is shown by the petroglyphs etched in the walls of Chevelon Canyon as well as by the different styles of projectile points made from both local and foreign stone sources and the change of these through time.

Upcoming Meetings:

March 12   Garry Cantley, BIA, Archaeological Resources and Crime Prevention and the Site Stewards

April 9        Andrea Gregory, ACS, Subsistence, Ceramic Production, and Exchange at Farmstead Sites on the Queen Creek Bajada

May 14      Erik Steinbach, Logan Simpson, How a River, a Terrace, and a Butte Influenced the Spatial Development of a Hohokam Village

February Field Trip:

Feb. 24: Larry Morehouse from the Desert Foothills Chapter will take us to Cline Creek. There are both Hohokam and a couple of Apache petroglyphs and a habitation site. The petroglyphs are up the hill (of course), about a 10-minute climb. The village is up the wash about a mile. It is a moderate hike with some bushwhacking thru vegetation (including catclaw). There is no trail. Starting time will be between 7 and 9 am depending on how hot it is. This will be a 3 to 4 hour outing, plus your travel time to the New River area. Bring the usual: boots, hat, sun screen, long sleeves and pants, hiking stick, water, food, more water. High clearance only; no passenger cars, but we can carpool from the meeting place. 20 people maximum; Phoenix Chapter members have priority. Email Phyllis: 76desert@gmail.com to sign up

January Field Trip: Jan. 21: Deer Flat Field Trip led by Scott Wood. The trip went well with 16 people showing up (including Scott). We had enough vehicles, no one fell or drove off the mesa. The road was really bad, I would never drive it. It was cold and windy.

Teotihuacan Exhibit Tour: Jan. 13: Docent-led tour of Teotihuacan: City of Water, City of Fire exhibit at the Phoenix Art Museum. The tour was great, with 14 AAS members managing to find parking spaces and get into the museum for the tour. It was very crowded because it was a free Sunday, but the docent was very knowledgeable and made the best of the situation. Several people tagged along that weren't in our group, which we knew might happen. Most of the group remained after the hour-long tour and took the time to see the wonderful treasures on display (as well as the gift shop). 

--Ellie Large

Phoenix January Chapter News

January 8th Meeting: The speaker at our January meeting will be E. Charles Adams, Ph.D., who will talk about 13,000 years of Migration in the Homol'ovi area. Six years of research on Rock Art Ranch near Winslow by Arizona State Museum archaeologists has documented human use going back to Clovis times. The ranch was also a focus of intensive hunting, gathering, and small-scale agriculture during the Basketmaker II period from 1000 BCE to 500 CE. During the 1200s, Mogollon groups from the south built numerous small pueblos throughout the region and later joined Pueblo groups from the north to build and occupy the large Homol’ovi pueblos along the Little Colorado River. Evidence of this lengthy use is etched in the walls of Chevelon Canyon. This talk traces the fascinating history of population movement that truly made the area a cultural crossroads.

Since 1985, Dr. Adams has been Curator of Archaeology at the Arizona State Museum and a Professor in the School of Anthropology, University of Arizona, a position from which he retired at the end of 2017. From his arrival, he directed the Homol’ovi Research Program, which involved extensive survey and excavation of numerous pueblos in Homolovi State Park from 1985 to 2006. From 2011 to 2016, he directed survey and excavations on and near Rock Art Ranch, 25 miles southeast of Winslow. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Colorado, Boulder, in 1975. Prior to 1985 he was Senior Archaeologist at the Museum of Northern Arizona and the Director of Research at Crow Canyon Archaeological Center. He has published nearly 100 articles and book chapters and authored or edited ten books or monographs, the most recent being Chevelon: Pueblo at Blue Running Water, volume 211 in the ASM Archaeological Series published in 2016.

December 11th Meeting: Our Holiday Potluck was well attended, with a total of 40 arriving by the time the talk began. Many members showed up early to help set up the room, which was made easier by the work that the PGM staff had done before we arrived. Several also stayed afterward to help with cleanup. All of their help is greatly appreciated. Before the talk began we held the annual election for the Phoenix Board. The following officers were elected: President/Programs: Ellie Large; Exec. VP: Eric Feldman; Treasurer: Bob Unferth; Secretary: Ellen Martin; Archivist: Marie Britton; 1 yr. Dir: Vicki Caltabiano; 2 yr. Dir.: Nancy Unferth; 3 yr. Dir:  Phyllis Smith; Archaeology Advisor - Laurene Montero.

Our speaker was Will G. Russell (Ph.D., ASU),  a Historic Preservation Specialist with the Az Dept. of Transportation He gave an interesting talk on Ritual Racing and the Bringing of Rain to North-Central Arizona, explaining how linear ground features called racetracks are defined and discussed their distribution and their similarities and variations between sites. Between 2007 and 2014, Arizona State University’s Racetrack Project located, recorded, and studied these tracks in order to better understand the role of ritual in the region's thirteenth and fourteenth century social changes. Between A.D. 1250 and 1450, a large number of ceremonial racetracks were built at and between villages in north-central Arizona. Originally the racetracks were relatively dispersed, stretching from the Sedona area down to Cave Creek and from the eastern base of the Bradshaw Mountains to the Mazatzal Wilderness. Over time, the racetrack network grew in intensity but became spatially focused atop Perry Mesa, along the middle Agua Fria River.

Because no other forms of communal architecture (such as ballcourts or great kivas) had been identified on Perry Mesa, Dr. Katherine Spielmann and Russell discussed the possibility that these clearings may have filled such a role and developed a research strategy. Russel looked for additional tracks in central Arizona and compared them to similar features elsewhere in an attempt to determine their prehispanic distribution and purpose. Although ceremonial racing has been documented in every Native American group studied in the historic Southwest, ethnographic research showed that the linear features of Perry Mesa were most similar to permanent ceremonial racetracks in the Eastern Pueblo (northern Rio Grande) region. Ritual racing was a form of prayer, most often for rain, and can be seen as a form of self-sacrifice; runners demonstrated their commitment to the community through performance and suffering.  Racing also helped to integrate communities: clans, moieties, kiva groups, and other societies periodically congregated for ritual races. This reminded individuals that despite various group memberships, they were all part of the same larger community. (For more info, see Keeping Track: Ceremonial Racetracks, Integration, and Change in Central Arizona by Will G. Russell. In Alliance and Landscape on Perry Mesa in the Fourteenth Century, edited by David R. Abbott and Katherine Spielmann, pp. 161-185, University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City.

Upcoming Meetings:

Feb. 12      Matt Peeples, Ph.D., ASU,  Archaeological Fakes and Frauds in Arizona and Beyond

March 12   Garry Cantley, BIA, Archaeological Resources and Crime Prevention and the Site Stewards

Field Trips:

Jan. 13: Docent-led tour of Teotihuacan: City of Water, City of Fire exhibit at the Phoenix Art Museum. Tour limited to 15. This tour is an AAS field trip. Anyone who goes on it must be an AAS member for 2019. If you did not sign up at the December meeting, you must sign up in advance by emailing Phyllis at 76desert@gmail.com. If you have not signed up in advance, you won't be allowed to join the tour. (You will also have to sign the AAS release/waiver form before going on this tour.)

Jan. 21: MLK Day - Scott Wood is taking us to Deer Flat on the worst road we've ever seen. Open to all AAS members, with Phoenix chapter members having priority.

The Phoenix Chapter meets at 7 pm on the 2nd Tuesday of each month in the Community Room at the Pueblo Grande Museum, 4619 E. Washington St., Phoenix. We will take the speaker to dinner at 5:30 pm at the Ruby Tuesday Restaurant on 44th Street and Washington just northwest of the museum. If you are interested in having dinner with the speaker, please call or email Marie (480-827-8070 or mbrit@cox.net) so that she can reserve a large enough table.

--Ellie Large

Phoenix December Chapter News

December 11th Meeting: Our Holiday Potluck begins at 6 pm with meats, rolls and beverages provided by the chapter. If joining us for the potluck, please bring a side dish or dessert to share. After dinner there will be a short business meeting including elections for the 2019 Chapter Board.

We could use some help setting up for the dinner after 5 pm (moving tables and chairs - bring your gloves). We could also use some help putting on the tablecloths and decorating - the people who came early last year were a big help!

The presentation will begin about 7:30 pm. Our speaker will be Will G. Russell, Ph. D, a Historic Preservation Specialist with the Az Dept. of Transportation; his topic is: Ritual Racing and the Bringing of Rain to North-Central Arizona. Between A.D. 1250 and 1450, a large number of ceremonial racetracks were built at and between villages in north-central Arizona. Originally the racetracks were relatively dispersed, stretching from the Sedona area down to Cave Creek and from the Bradshaw Mountains to the Mazatzal Wilderness. Over time, the racetrack network grew in intensity but became spatially focused atop Perry Mesa, along the middle Agua Fria River. Between 2007 and 2014, Arizona State University’s Racetrack Project located, recorded, and studied these tracks in order to better understand the role of ritual in the region's thirteenth and fourteenth century social changes.

Dr. Russell has worked in Southwestern archaeology for over a decade. His research focused on the Mimbres region of southwestern New Mexico and the Perry Mesa region of north-central Arizona. His research examined the early development of social inequality through the lens of ritual practice. Will is a Historic Preservation Specialist for the Arizona Department of Transportation. He is also an Adjunct Professor with Arizona State University and a Research Associate with the Center for Archaeology and Diversity.

November Meeting: The speaker for our Nov. 13th meeting was Pearce Paul Creasman, PhD, UA, who talked about Ancient Egypt's 25th Dynasty and The Pyramid Field/Royal Cemetery at Nuri, Sudan. After ancient Egypt’s New Kingdom collapsed, kings from Nubia unified the lands and led the empire out of the doldrums to its last flourish of pharaonic greatness. The Nubian kings seem to have originated from the little-known site of Napata in modern Sudan, today a UNESCO World Heritage Site. With some 20 existing pyramids, Nuri is the largest royal Napatan cemetery; it served as the resting place for at least 60 kings and queens. The first royal buried was the biblical pharaoh Taharqa, savior of Jerusalem (2 Kings 19:9), and his descendants used the site for four more centuries. Although Nuri was partly excavated in the 1910s, it remains poorly published and largely unexplored. As a result of climate change and the construction of dams along the Nile, rising groundwater has submerged many of its tombs, likely including all of the subterranean pyramid chambers of the kings. At least four kings’ burial chambers remain unexcavated, albeit underwater. His lecture told the tale of the pharaohs of ancient Egypt’s 25th Dynasty, and the current effort by the University of Arizona to better understand them via underwater archaeological excavations in the pyramid field of Nuri.

January Meeting: Jan. 8, Charles Adams, Ph.D., ASM, 13,000 years of Migration in the Homol'ovi area.

Field Trips:

Dec. 2      Field trip to Oatman Point led by Phyllis Smith.

Jan. 21     (MLK Day) Scott Wood is taking us to Deer Flat on the worst road we've ever seen. Phoenix Chapter members have priority, but they should sign up as soon as possible.

Upcoming Conference at PGM: The first  Southern Southwest Archaeological Conference will be held on Jan. 11 & 12. Dr. Randall McGuire, SUNY Binghamton, will give the keynote talk at 6 pm on Jan. 11. For the schedule of talks and to register, go to their website, sswac.org .

The Phoenix Chapter meets at 7 pm on the 2nd Tuesday of each month in the Community Room at the Pueblo Grande Museum, 4619 E. Washington St., Phoenix. We will take the speaker to dinner at 5:30 pm at the Ruby Tuesday Restaurant on 44th Street and Washington just northwest of the museum. If you are interested in having dinner with the speaker, please call or email Marie (480-827-8070 or mbrit@cox.net) so that she can reserve a large enough table.

--Ellie Large

Phoenix November Chapter News


November Meeting: The speaker for our Nov. 13th meeting will be Paul Creasman, PhD, UA, who will talk about Ancient Egypt's 25th Dynasty and The Pyramid Field/Royal Cemetery at Nuri,  Sudan. After ancient Egypt’s New Kingdom collapsed, kings from Nubia unified the lands and led the empire out of the doldrums to its last flourish of pharaonic greatness. The Nubian kings seem to have originated from the little-known site of Napata in modern Sudan, today a UNESCO World Heritage Site. With some 20 existing pyramids, Nuri is the largest royal Napatan cemetery; it served as the resting place for at least 60 kings and queens. The first royal buried was the biblical pharaoh Taharqa, savior of Jerusalem (2 Kings 19:9), and his descendants used the site for four more centuries. Although Nuri was partly excavated in the 1910s, it remains poorly published and largely unexplored. As a result of climate change and the construction of dams along the Nile, rising groundwater has submerged many of its tombs, likely including all of the subterranean pyramid chambers of the kings. At least four kings’ burial chambers remain unexcavated. This lecture tells the tale of the pharaohs of ancient Egypt’s 25th Dynasty, and the current effort by the University of Arizona to better understand them via underwater archaeological excavations in the pyramid field of Nuri.

Dr. Creasman is an Associate Professor of Egyptian Archaeology and Dendrochronology at the University of Arizona as well as the Curator of the Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research and the Director of the University of Arizona Egyptian Expedition. His research interests include the study human and environment interactions, maritime archaeology, dendroarchaeology, and Egyptian archaeology. He received his B.A. in Anthropology and Philosophy from the University of Maine in 2003, his M.A. in Anthropology from Texas A&M University in 2005 and his Ph.D. in Anthropology & Nautical Archaeology from Texas A&M University in 2010.

October 9th Meeting: Michael E. Smith, Ph.D., ASU, gave us a short history of Teotihuacan, including the results of several tunnels that archaeologists have recently dug under the pyramids. The talk was intended to provide background for the current exhibit at the Phoenix Art Museum, Teotihuacan: City of Water, City of Fire, a major traveling exhibition which will be on display in the Steele Gallery from Oct. 6 to Jan. 27, 2019. The audience enjoyed the talk and asked numerous questions afterwards.

The Phoenix Chapter meets at 7 pm on the 2nd Tuesday of each month in the Community Room at the Pueblo Grande Museum, 4619 E. Washington St., Phoenix. We will take the speaker to dinner at 5:30 pm at the Ruby Tuesday Restaurant on 44th Street and Washington just northwest of the museum. If you are interested in having dinner with the speaker, please call or email Marie (480-827-8070 or mbrit@cox.net) so that she can reserve a large enough table.

--Ellie Large

October Phoenix Chapter News

October 9th Meeting: Michael E. Smith, Ph.D., ASU, presents Teotihuacan: A World City in Ancient Mexico. "World city” indicates a city in touch with the world, operating on a world level; for ancient Mexico, the “world” was Mesoamerica. This talk will explore the art and archaeology of this ancient “world city” and will focus on recent archaeological research that is transforming our views of the city. This talk is intended to provide background for the current exhibit at the Phoenix Art Museum, Teotihuacan: City of Water, City of Fire, a major traveling exhibition which will be on display in the Steele Gallery from Oct. 6 to Jan. 27, 2019.

Teotihuacan stood out in Classic-period Mesoamerica for its size, complexity, and influence in distant areas; Teotihuacan traded and interacted with all corners of Mesoamerica, and the city held great prestige for the distant Maya kings. Teotihuacan was the first, largest, and most influential metropolis on the American continent. In its heyday between 100 BCE and 650 CE, the city encompassed an area of 15 square kilometers with a population of around 140,000. Who inhabited Teotihuacan, its original name, and why it was abandoned are still unknowns. When the Aztecs came into the Valley of Mexico from the north in the first half of the 14th century, they discovered its ruins, named it Teotihuacan, the place where the gods were born, and used it as the setting for their own creation myth.

Michael E. Smith, Ph.D., has been a Professor in the ASU School of Human Evolution & Social Change since 2005 and became Director of the ASU Teotihuacan Research Laboratory in 2015. He has directed numerous fieldwork projects at Aztec sites in central Mexico, pioneering the excavation of houses and the study of daily life. He has published six books and numerous scholarly articles on the Aztecs, including The Aztecs (3rd ed., 2012), Aztec City-State Capitals (2008), At Home with the Aztecs (2016), and Rethinking the Aztec Economy (co-edited by Nichols, Berdan & Smith, 2017).

Upcoming Field Trip: Eric Feldman is setting up a group tour to see the Teotihuacan: City of Water, City of Fire exhibit at the Phoenix Art Museum sometime between Oct. 6, 2018 and Jan. 27, 2019.

September 11th Meeting: Retired National Park Service Superintendent Charles R. “Butch” Farabee presented El Camino del Diablo, The Devil's Highway (also called The Road of the Dead). Having driven this remote, four-wheel drive road six times, he presented a good overall view of this fascinating but humbling area and the life-sustaining granite rock tank pools, called tinajas, hidden at the base of nondescript mountains along the trail. The most important of these life-sustaining pools was the Tinajas Altas, where hundreds of bedrock mortars, as well as numerous petroglyphs, pictographs and related evidence testify to the use of this area, probably from even long before Father Kino, De Anza and then, Spanish miners, passed nearby. Hundreds of graves were once scattered along El Camino but are now mostly gone, obliterated by time, wind, sand, and often, man. In Arizona, The Devil’s Highway is now used mainly by the U.S. Border Patrol. It traverses Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument, the Cabeza Prieta National Wildlife Refuge, and the Barry M. Goldwater Bombing Range, with little sections of land owned by the State of Arizona and the U. S. Bureau of Land Management, thrown in.

Fall Meeting Schedule:

Nov. 13  Paul Creasman, PhD, UA, Ancient Egypt's 25th Dynasty and The Pyramid Field/Royal Cemetery at Nuri,  Sudan.

Dec. 11   Holiday Potluck and 2019 Elections. Speaker TBD.

Upcoming Events:

Oct. 3:     6:30 pm, PGM, Phoenix, Talk: City of Phoenix Archaeology: Why we do what we do, by. Laurene Montero, Phoenix City Archaeologist.

Oct. 19:   2018 Annual Arizona Archaeological Council Fall Conference, Arizona History Museum, Tucson

Oct. 20:   AAS Fall State Meeting, Mazatzal Hotel & Casino, Payson, Az

The Phoenix Chapter meets at 7 pm on the 2nd Tuesday of each month in the Community Room at the Pueblo Grande Museum, 4619 E. Washington St., Phoenix. We will take the speaker to dinner at 5:30 pm at the Ruby Tuesday Restaurant on 44th Street and Washington just northwest of the museum. If you are interested in having dinner with the speaker, please call or email Marie (480-827-8070 or mbrit@cox.net) so that she can reserve a large enough table.

--Ellie Large

September Phoenix Chapter News

Retired National Park Service Superintendent Charles R. “Butch” Farabee presents El Camino del Diablo, The Devil's Highway. Also called The Road of the Dead, The Devil's Highway is a brutal, 200-mile long, prehistoric and historic route from northern Sonora to Yuma and then on to the mission areas of California. Used for at least a millennium by Native Americans, conquistadores, Father Kino, miners, undocumented aliens, and modern-day adventurers, the highway crosses three large federal areas in the extreme desert of southern Arizona. Approx. 400 to 2,000 lives have been lost traveling along our very own, isolated and wild part of the Arizona-Mexico border, most from heat, exposure, and a desperate lack of water. Join Butch Farabee, who has driven this remote, four-wheel drive road six times, for a part history, part travelogue, and part informational overview of this fascinating but humbling area.

Early travelers on El Camino - on foot, horseback and wagon until the first automobile in 1915 - often began in Caborca, Sonora, 40 miles south of the border. Leaving this then frontier village and its permanent little river, they encountered only one more certain source of water between there and the Colorado River. If lucky, they could find water further on, standing in a handful of granite rock tanks, hidden at the base of nondescript mountains along the next 125 miles. The most important of these life-sustaining pools was the Tinajas Altas. Hundreds of bedrock mortars, as well as numerous petroglyphs, pictographs and related evidence, testify to the use of this area, probably even long before Father Kino, De Anza and then, Spanish miners, passed nearby. Graves, possibly numbering in the hundreds, were once scattered along El Camino but are now mostly gone, obliterated by time, wind, sand, and often, man. In Arizona, The Devil’s Highway, now used mainly by the U.S. Border Patrol, traverses Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument, the Cabeza Prieta National Wildlife Refuge, and the Barry M. Goldwater Bombing Range, with little sections of land owned by the State of Arizona and the U. S. Bureau of Land Management, thrown in.

Charles R. “Butch” Farabee grew up in Tucson, was very active in Scouting and the out-of-doors; he graduated from Tucson High School in 1960 and then the University of Arizona. He has a Bachelor of Science in Zoology and a Master of Arts in Public Administration and is a graduate of the FBI Academy. He spent 35 years with the National Park Service as a field ranger and then superintendent in 10 different park areas including Sequoia, Grand Canyon, Glen Canyon, Lake Mead, Death Valley, Yosemite, Glacier and Washington, DC. He has had four books published but is mostly just the very proud father of two sons and their families. He has driven this remote, four-wheel drive road six times, and will give us a part-history, part-travelogue, and part-informational overview of this fascinating but humbling area.

Fall Meeting Schedule:

Oct. 9:      Michael E. Smith, Ph.D., ASU, Teotihuacan: A World City in Ancient Mexico. "World city” indicates a city in touch with the world, operating on a world level; for ancient Mexico, the “world” was Mesoamerica. The exhibit Teotihuacan: City of Water, City of Fire is coming to the Phoenix Art Museum, Oct. 6, 2018 - Jan. 27, 2019. We are setting up a group tour.

Nov. 13:  Paul Creasman, PhD, UA, Ancient Egypt's 25th Dynasty and The Pyramid Field/Royal Cemetery at Nuri,  Sudan.

Dec. 11:   Holiday Potluck and 2019 Elections. Speaker TBD.

The Phoenix Chapter meets at 7 pm on the 2nd Tuesday of each month in the Community Room at the Pueblo Grande Museum, 4619 E. Washington St., Phoenix. We will take the speaker to dinner at 5:30 pm at the Ruby Tuesday Restaurant on 44th Street and Washington just northwest of the museum. If you are interested in having dinner with the speaker, please call or email Marie (480-827-8070 or mbrit@cox.net) so that she can reserve a large enough table.

--Ellie Large

March Phoenix Chapter News

March Meeting: The speaker for our March 13th meeting will be Todd Bostwick, Ph.D.; his topic is 15,000 Years of Archaeology on Sicily: Cultural Crossroads of the Mediterranean. The island of Sicily has a rich archaeological heritage dating back to the Upper Pleistocene, when Sicily was connected to the mainland, allowing humans and animals to migrate to the region, and numerous caves contain their cave art. Later Neolithic farmers made beautiful incised pottery and participated in extensive trade networks, including obsidian from two nearby islands. During the Bronze Age, thousands of tombs were cut into the limestone cliffs, providing insight into ancient concepts of the afterlife. Around 700 BC, substantial Phoenician and Greek colonies were established; their ruins contain some the best preserved Greek temples in existence today. Roman ruins are also well represented, including the famous villa of Piazza Armerina, where hundreds of remarkable mosaic floors were preserved, depicting the daily life of Roman royalty.

Dr. Bostwick has been conducting archaeological research in the Southwest for 37 years and was the Phoenix City Archaeologist for 21 years. He is now the Director of Archaeology at the Verde Valley Archaeology Center. He has an MA in Anthropology and a PhD in History from ASU, and taught classes at both ASU and NAU for several years. He has published numerous books and articles on Southwest archaeology and history, and his projects have received awards from the National Park Service, the Arizona Governor’s Archaeology Advisory Commission, and the Arizona Archaeological Society. More importantly, he visits archaeological sites around the world and always documents his travels with photographs and research so that he can provide us with an entertaining and educational experience.

February Meeting: Aaron Wright, Ph.D., presented The Western Range of the Red-on-Buff Culture, Redux. He explained the history of archaeological research on the western boundary of the Hohokam area between the prehistoric Colorado River peoples and the Hohokam who lived along the Gila and Salt Rivers. Both groups produced paddle-and-anvil buffwares, and in some time periods groups from the Colorado River lived alongside the Hohokam in the same villages, probably intermarrying. In more recent historic times the Pee-Posh (Opa or Cocomaricopa) took refuge with the Akimel O'otam (Pima) on the Gila River and are co-resident with them on the Gila River Indian Reservation and on the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Reservation.

April Book Sale: Each year we conduct several fund-raising events to benefit the Pueblo Grande Museum. We will have a book sale at our April 10th meeting to help members dispose of the numerous books, journals and magazines they have acquired through the years or to pick up the volumes missing from their collection. So bring all your unwanted bounty of books to the April meeting!

Hikes & Field Trips:

April 22nd Field trip to Tumamoc Hill. The trip costs $300 and is limited to 20 people, so the cost would be $15 a person if we have 20 people. We have to pay in advance so checks should be made out to the chapter prior to April 22. AAS members only. Details will be forthcoming. To sign up send Phyllis an email at 76desert@gmail.com.

Feb. 10th Field Trip to Hummingbird Point. The trip to Hummingbird Point was led by Jolanta Sokol and Michael Clinton. Nine people went including Jolanta and Michael.

Upcoming Events:

March 1, 7 pm, SWAT Meeting, AzMNH, Mesa: Talk by Chris Caseldine on The analysis of a possible Polvoron phase pithouse on top of the Mesa Grande platform mound.

March 5-8, 5th Tri-National Symposium: Celebrating the Sonoran Desert, Ajo

March 6, 5:30 pm, Archaeology Café: The Salt River and Irrigation: 1,000 Years of Bringing the Valley to Life by geoarchaeologist Gary Huckleberry, Ph.D.

March 10, All day: Archaeology Expo at Arizona Museum of Natural History, Mesa.

Spring Meeting Schedule:

Apr. 10     Ethan Ortega, Archaeologist, Coronado Historic Site, Bernalillo, NM. False Truths, Restored Ruins, and New Artifacts: Looking Beyond the Oxymoronic Past of Coronado Historic Site through Field Work

May 8       Dan Liponi, Kumeyaay/Patayan pictographs w/book signing. See ww.larumorosarockart.com.

The Phoenix Chapter meets at 7 pm on the 2nd Tuesday of each month in the Community Room at the Pueblo Grande Museum, 4619 E. Washington St., Phoenix. We will take the speaker to dinner at 5:30 pm at the Ruby Tuesday Restaurant on 44th Street and Washington just northwest of the museum. If you are interested in having dinner with the speaker, please call or email Marie (480-827-8070 or mbrit@cox.net) so that she can reserve a large enough table.

--Ellie Large

February  Phoenix Chapter News

February Meeting: Aaron Wright, Ph.D., will present The Western Range of the Red-on-Buff Culture, Redux. Prehistoric Southwestern Arizona is the interface between Patayan and Hohokam material culture and settlement patterns and, presumably, the ways-of-life that are tied to each of those traditions. Still, the western frontier of the Hohokam World remains little studied and is therefore poorly defined. This presentation reviews the history of research on this topic, revisiting the development and eventual demise of primary Hohokam villages along the lower Gila River. In contemporary perspective, this historical trajectory raises important questions about ethnic diversity, co-residence, and conflict.

Aaron is a Preservation Archaeologist at Archaeology Southwest, Tucson. He earned an MA in 2006 and a PhD in 2011, both from Washington State University. His research is currently focused on the Hohokam and Patayan traditions in southwestern Arizona. He is specifically interested in the cultural landscape of the lower Gila River, which is renowned for a unique mixture of Patayan and Hohokam settlements, dense galleries of world-class rock art, and numerous enigmatic geoglyphs. Aaron is the lead researcher on Archaeology Southwest’s long-term goal of establishing a Great Bend of the Gila National Monument. He is a co-editor of Leaving Mesa Verde: Peril and Change in the Thirteenth-Century Southwest (University of Arizona Press, 2010) and author of Religion on the Rocks: Hohokam Rock Art, Ritual Practice, and Social Transformation (University of Utah Press, 2014), which won the 2012 Don D. and Catherine S. Fowler Book Prize. His most recent co-authored work is the The Great Bend of the Gila: Contemporary Native American Connections to an Ancestral Landscape (Archaeology Southwest, 2016).

January Meeting: Chris Garraty, Assistant Director of Cultural Resources for Logan Simpson, gave a very interesting talk explaining how recent archaeological and historical investigations at the Hohokam site of La Plaza revealed evidence that a Sedentary period platform mound once stood in the north part of ASU’s Tempe campus near Wells Fargo Arena. He showed us a sequence of maps from the late 1800s and early 1900s that documented three Hohokam platform mounds within La Plaza. These mounds had been leveled by the early to mid-1900s, and archaeologists could only approximate their locations based on old maps of dubious accuracy. An earlier investigation showed tentative evidence for a platform mound in the north campus location, and a more recent investigation corroborated and refined that information. Multiple lines of evidence were used to determine the location of the platform mound: examination of historical photographs, a reconstruction of the ancient surface grade, and a comparison of ancillary features from known platform mound contexts. The analysis of ancillary features beneath and adjacent to the inferred mound footprint provided new insights into the organization of public space in La Plaza and, more broadly, the mobilization of labor for communal construction projects in Hohokam society.

Spring Meeting Schedule:

Mar. 13    Todd Bostwick, VVAC, 5,000 Years of Archaeology in Sicily: Crossroads of the Mediterranean

Apr. 10     Ethan Ortega, NPS Ranger, Coronado Historic Site, Bernalillo, NM. False Truths, Restored Ruins, and New Artifacts: Looking Beyond the Oxymoronic Past of Coronado Historic Site through Field Work

May 8       Dan Liponi, Kumeyaay/Patayan pictographs w/book signing. See ww.larumorosarockart.com.

The Phoenix Chapter meets at 7 pm on the 2nd Tuesday of each month in the Community Room at the Pueblo Grande Museum, 4619 E. Washington St., Phoenix. We will take the speaker to dinner at 5:30 pm at the Ruby Tuesday Restaurant on 44th Street and Washington just northwest of the museum. If you are interested in having dinner with the speaker, please call or email Marie (480-827-8070 or mbrit@cox.net) so that she can reserve a large enough table.

--Ellie Large

January Chapter News

January Meeting: Chris Garraty, Ph.D., Assistant Director of Cultural Resources, Logan Simpson, will present Relocating the Platform Mound at La Plaza: Recent Archaeological Investigations on ASU’s Tempe Campus. Recent archaeological and historical investigations at the Hohokam site of La Plaza revealed evidence that a Classic period platform mound once stood in the north part of ASU’s Tempe campus near Wells Fargo Arena. Maps from the late 1800s and early 1900s documented three Hohokam platform mounds within La Plaza. These mounds were leveled by the early to mid-1900s, and archaeologists can only approximate their locations based on old maps of dubious accuracy. An earlier investigation showed tentative evidence for a platform mound in the north campus location, and a more recent investigation corroborates and refines that finding. Multiple lines of evidence were used to determine the location of the platform mound: examination of historical photographs, a reconstruction of the ancient surface grade, and a comparison of ancillary features from known platform mound contexts. Analysis of ancillary features beneath and adjacent to the inferred mound footprint provides new insights into the organization of public space in La Plaza and, more broadly, the mobilization of labor for communal construction projects in Hohokam society.

Chris received his PhD in Anthropology from ASU in 2006 and his BA in Anthropology from Temple University in 1994 and is currently an adjunct faculty member at ASU. While at ASU he worked on the Teotihuacan Mapping Project with Dr. George Cowgill and on the Mixtequilla Archaeological Project in Veracruz with Dr. Barbara Stark. After receiving his PhD he worked as a Project Director at  Statistical Research in Tucson for several years and as a Project Manager for the Gila River Indian Community Cultural Resource Management Program for several more years before joining Logan Simpson. He has authored and co-authored numerous journal articles on his work in Arizona and Mexico, and co-edited with Dr. Stark the book Archaeological Approaches to Market Exchange in Ancient Societies published by the University Press of Colorado in May 2010.

December Meeting: Our Holiday Potluck featured ham, delicious shredded beef, tasty meatballs, and a variety of great side dishes and desserts. It was well attended and the meal was followed by an excellent presentation on Montezuma Castle: New Discoveries and Native American Traditional Knowledge at Montezuma Castle National Monument by Matt Guebard, an NPS Ranger stationed at Tuzigoot. Matt explained how he combined archaeological information with Native American oral histories to interpret the abandonment of Castle A and Montezuma Castle, two large pueblo sites located near Camp Verde. Archaeological data and traditional knowledge suggest that both sites were abandoned following a large and destructive fire at Castle A. Archaeological evidence suggests this event occurred in the late 14th century and included arson and physical violence, both of which were corroborated by Native American histories.

A drawing was held at the end of the night for a special door prize as well as the table decorations. Laurene Montero, our Chapter Advisor, conducted the election of officers for next year's board. Our board for 2018 is President/Programs - Ellie Large; Exec. VP/Cert. Rep. - Marie Britton; Treasurer - Bob Unferth; Secretary - Ellen Martin; 1 yr. Dir/Membership - Nancy Unferth; 2 yr. Dir./Girl Scouts - Vicki Erhart; 3 yr. Dir/Field Trips - Phyllis Smith. If anyone would like to join the board or to attend a board meeting, please call or email one of our current board members. Contact information is on the Phoenix Chapter page of the AAS website, azarchsoc.org/Phoenix.

December Hike: On Dec. 16th several members joined the Rim Country Chapter to hike to the Zulu petroglyph site near Rye as well as the Oxbow Ruin. The hike was led by J. J. Golio.

Obituaries: We found out recently via an Arizona Republic obituary that long-time member Don Ketchum passed away on Sept. 29, 2017, and that his wife, Jeanne, also a long-time member, had passed away on Nov. 15, 2014. They were very active members and always helped out at the Chili Booth and the Park of the Four Waters cleanup.

Spring Meeting Schedule:

Feb. 13     Aaron Wright, ASW, The Western Range of the Red-on-Buff Culture, Redux

Mar. 13    Todd Bostwick, VVAC, 5,000 Years of Archaeology in Sicily: Crossroads of the Mediterranean

Apr. 10     Ethan Ortega, NPS Ranger, Coronado Historic Site, Bernalillo, NM. False Truths, Restored Ruins, and New Artifacts: Looking Beyond the Oxymoronic Past of Coronado Historic Site through Field Work

May 8       Dan Liponi, Kumeyaay/Patayan pictographs w/book signing. See www.larumorosarockart.com.

The Phoenix Chapter meets at 7 pm on the 2nd Tuesday of each month in the Community Room at the Pueblo Grande Museum, 4619 E. Washington St., Phoenix. We will take the speaker to dinner at 5:30 pm at the Ruby Tuesday Restaurant on 44th Street and Washington just northwest of the museum. If you are interested in having dinner with the speaker, please call or email Marie (480-827-8070 or mbrit@cox.net) so that she can reserve a large enough table.

--Ellie Large

 

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