Arizona Archaeological Society

 

 
 

Phoenix Chapter News

September Meeting

The speaker for our first meeting of Fall 2016 - on Tuesday, Sept. 13th - will be Aaron Wright, a Preservation Archaeologist with Archaeology Southwest. His topic is An Archaeological and Historical Overview of the Painted Rocks Petroglyph Site along the Lower Gila River. The Painted Rocks Petroglyph Site is the most publicly accessible rock art site along the lower Gila River, and possibly in the entire state of Arizona. A listing on the National Register of Historic Places in 1977 canonized the site’s significance as a place of remarkable cultural heritage value and great scientific potential. Surprisingly, however, a comprehensive site recording of Painted Rock has never been published, and little is actually known about the archaeological context in general and the rock art specifically. This talk reviews previous research and places the site in the archaeological and historical context of the lower Gila River. According to Aaron, the rock in the photo at right is a bell-rock, meaning it rings like a bell when struck, which is why the top is all beaten up.

Aaron joined the staff of Archaeology Southwest as a Preservation Fellow in August 2006, where his fellowship concerned the rock art of the Phoenix South Mountains, where he guided and trained volunteers in archaeological survey methods and rock-art recording. He used the data from these surveys for his 2011 Ph.D. in Anthropology at Washington State University and it formed the basis for his book Religion on the Rocks: Hohokam Rock Art, Ritual Practice, and Social Transformation (2014).

October Meeting

The speaker for our Oct. 11th meeting will be Chris Loendorff, Ph. D., a Project Manager for the Gila River Indian Community Cultural Resource Management Program in Sacaton. Chris will be talking about Akimel O’odham and Pee Posh Bow and Arrow Technology: Modern Experimental Testing of Ancient Designs. The Akimel O’odham and Pee Posh used different types of bows for different purposes. Self-bows were used for small game hunting, while recurve bows were employed in warfare. Self-bows are the simplest design and consist of a piece of wood with a string attached. The bow stave for recurve bows, on the other hand, were intentionally bent to form a double-arch shape. Previous researchers have suggested that Athapaskans introduced recurve bows into the Southwest, and have also suggested that this design out-performed self-bows. Since there is very little experimental information available regarding performance differences between these bow types, carefully controlled experiments were conducted using different bow designs, and this presentation summarizes the results of this research. The painting at the left, by Amil Pedro, shows an O'odham Archer Using a Recurve Bow.

Upcoming Speakers:

Sept. 13:  Aaron Wright, Archaeology Southwest: An Archaeological and Historical Overview of the Painted Rock Petroglyph Site on the Lower Gila River

Oct. 11:    Chris Loendorff, Gila River Indian Community: Akimel O'odom-Pee Posh Bow & Arrow Technology: Modern Testing of Ancient Designs

Nov. 8:     Dave Morris, Ethnobotanist: Harvest of the Desert.

Dec. 13     Docent, Phoenix Art Museum: Ancient Egyptian Art

Jan. 10:     Melissa Kruse-Peeples: Prehistoric Agricultural Productivity in the Perry Mesa Region, Central Arizona

Chapter Meetings:
The Phoenix Chapter will now meet at 7 pm on the 2nd Tuesday of each month in the Community Room at the Pueblo Grande Museum, 4619 E. Washington St., Phoenix. We take the speaker to dinner at 5:30 pm at the Ruby Tuesday Restaurant on 44th Street and Washington just northwest of the museum. If you are interested in having dinner with the speaker, please call or email Marie (480-827-8070 or mbrit@cox.net) so that she can reserve a large enough table.

--Ellie Large

**For chapter news  from earlier this year, go to the bottom of this page.

Phoenix Chapter Membership Form.pdf

Introduction

The Arizona Archaeological Society, Phoenix Chapter, is an independent nonprofit corporation. Members are eligible to participate in field trips, excavations, surveys, lab work, and other areas of archaeological interest. Each member also receives a copy of the annual publication of the Society, The Arizona Archaeologist, together with the monthly newsletter, The Petroglyph.

Chapter Officers

Office Office Holder Telephone Email Address
President Ellie Large 480-461-0563 elarge@cox.net  
Exec VP Marie Britton 480-827-8070 mbrit@cox.net  
Treasurer Bob Unferth 602-371-1165 bobunf@cox.net  2250 E. State Avenue, Phoenix, AZ 85020
Secretary Ellen Martin 480-820-1474 e13martin@hotmail.com  
1-Year Director Vicki Caltabiano 480-827-8070 vickierhart@cox.net  
2-Year Director Phyllis Smith 623-694-8245 76desert@gmail.com  
3-Year Director Nancy Unferth 602-371-1165 nferth@aol.com  
Certification Rep Marie Britton 480-827-8070 mbrit@cox.net  
Membership Nancy Unferth 602-371-1165 nferth@aol.com  
Advisor Laurene Montero 602-495-0901 laurene.montero@phoenix.gov  
                                                                                    

Meeting Schedule 

The chapter meets at Pueblo Grande Museum at 7:00 pm on the second Tuesday of each month (except during June, July & August). Driving directions to PGM: Due to the construction of the light-rail system, west-bound cars can no longer turn left from Washington Street into the museum; instead traffic approaching from the east must make a U-turn at the light at 44th street. From the West Valley, use 44th Street or east-bound Washington Street.

     Date Speaker Topic
09/13/16 Aaron Wright, Archaeology Southwest An Archaeological and Historical Overview of the Painted Rock Petroglyph Site along the Lower Gila River 
10/11/16 Chris Loendorff, Gila River Indian Community  Akimel O'odom-Pee Posh Bow & Arrow Technology: Modern Testing of Ancient Designs
11/08/16 Dave Morris, Ethnobotanist  Harvest of the Desert
12/13/16 Docent, Phoenix Art Museum  Ancient Egyptian Art
01/10/17 Melissa Kruse-Peeples  Prehistoric Agricultural Productivity in the Perry Mesa Region, Central Arizona

Membership Form - Click on the link below:  

Phoenix Chapter Membership Form.pdf 


Chapter Projects

PGM STABILIZATION PROJECT- PHOENIX CHAPTER

Pueblo Grande is a Classic Period Hohokam site located in downtown Phoenix at Pueblo Grande Museum and Archaeological Park. This archaeological site has been designated a National Historic Landmark. For the past thirteen years the Arizona Archaeology Society, Phoenix Chapter volunteers along with the Southwest Archaeology Team have participated in doing stabilization, reconstruction, and general maintenance on the platform mound and adjacent room structures.

After the Hohokam abandoned this site, it fell into a state of self-stabilization where walls become protected by the material that eroded from above. Early excavations, especially in the 1930's, exposed many of these walls again. These adobe walls have been subjected to constant erosion from wind and rain as well as other agents of deterioration. Consequently, new adobe mud must be applied periodically to keep these structures from melting away. Stone faced walls require repointing to keep the stones from falling from the wall. Exposed room walls are protected by applying a thin layer of mud to the wall surface. Monitoring these architectural features for erosion damage is an on-going task.

A dedicated group of volunteers, known as the PGM Mudslingers meet one Saturday a month except in July and August. The Mudslingers work is coordinated by Jim Britton (member of AAS and SWAT) under the direction of Dr.Todd Bostwick (Phoenix City Archaeologist). All work is documented by detailed field notes and photos.

This partnership between the Mudslingers and the City Archaeologist is a great benefit to Pueblo Grande Museum and is very much appreciated by the Museum Director and the Parks and Recreation Department staff.

by Jim Britton

Project Activity Project Director
Mudslingers at Pueblo Grande 3rd Saturday of each month Contact Miles Johnson to verify the time and day
    







Local Museums

Museum Location Website
Pueblo Grande Museum and Archaeological Park 4619 E. Washington Street, Phoenix AZ 85034
(602) 495-0901
Pueblo Grande Museum
Huhugam Ki Museum
10005 E. Osborn Road, Scottsdale, Arizona 85256
(480) 850-8190
Huhugam Ki Museum
Arizona Museum of Natural History 53 N. Macdonald St.
Mesa, AZ 85201
(480) 664-2230
Arizona Museum of Natural History
Cave Creek Museum 6140 East Skyline Drive
Cave Creek, AZ 85331
(480) 488-2764
Cave Creek Museum



















Phoenix Chapter News

May Meeting: The speaker for our May meeting will be Nancy Parezo, from the University of Arizona. Her topic is A Boot in the Door: Pioneer Women Archaeologists of Arizona, an Arizona Humanities Council Presentation. The men who explored Arizona are legends in the history of the region and of anthropology, but what about the women who accompanied them or explored  by themselves? Did you know that Matilda Coxe Stevenson was a member of the first official government survey of Canyon de Chelly? Or that Emma Mindeleff surveyed ruins in the Verde Valley, while Theresa Russell helped her husband locate Hohokam sites? Probably not, for none are listed in “official” histories. Learn about the hidden pioneer archaeologists of the 19th century and honor Arizona’s unsung heroines of science.

Dr. Nancy Parezo is a Professor of American Indian Studies and Anthropology at the University of Arizona and an Associate Curator of Ethnology at the Arizona State Museum. For over 40 years she has worked with Native Arizona Nations documenting histories and working with artists and oral historians. She has also worked extensively to document how anthropologists have affected Indian cultures through collecting and displaying art at world fairs. She is the co-author of Anthropology Goes to the Fair: the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition (with Don Fowler), co-author of Archaeology in the Great Basin and Southwest: Papers in Honor of Don D. Fowler (with Joel C Janetski), and author of several works on women anthropologists: Hidden Scholars, Daughters of the Desert,  and On Their Own Frontier.

April Meeting: The speakers for our April 14th meeting, Mark Hackbarth and Chris Garraty from Logan-Simpson Design, gave us an excellent review of the previous research at La Ciudad and explained how their excavations in the Frank Luke addition extended our view of  land use on the periphery of a large platform-mound site. Despite changes in settlement through time it appears that certain field areas containing field houses were consistently maintained, implying some concept of proprietary ownership (although not necessarily private property rights). The talk was followed by an interesting Q & A session.

Field Trip to Verde ValleyWe are planning to visit the Verde Valley Archaeology Center in Camp Verde  on Sunday, May 15th, to view the Dyck collection. After lunch we will have a guided tour of Tuzigoot. If you are interested in joining the field trip, please contact Marie Britton at 480-827-8070 or mbrit@cox.net.

Possible June Visit to PaysonWe are exploring the possibility of visiting the Rim Country Chapter on the weekend of June 18-19. Their monthly meeting is on Saturday, June 18 at 10 am. Afterwards we hope to tour the Goat Camp Ruin, which they are currently excavating. We plan to stay overnight in Payson and visit the Shoofly site, a short distance northeast of Payson, and the Tonto Natural Bridge, also just outside Payson, on Sunday. If anyone is interested, please contact Ellie Large at elarge@cox.net or 480-461-0563 (please leave a message if I miss your call).

The Phoenix Chapter usually meets at 7 pm on the 2nd Thursday of each month in the Community Room at the Pueblo Grande Museum, 4619 E. Washington St., Phoenix. We take the speaker to dinner at 5:30 pm at the Ruby Tuesday Restaurant on 44th Street and Washington just northwest of the museum. If you are interested in having dinner with the speaker, please call or email Marie (480-827-8070 or mbrit@cox.net) so that she can reserve a large enough table.

--Ellie Large

April Chapter News

April Meeting: The speakers for our April 14th meeting will be Mark Hackbarth and Chris Garraty from Logan-Simpson Design. Their topic is Archaeological Investigations of La Ciudad within the Frank Luke Addition: A Neighborhood Services Department Project. The prehistoric site of La Ciudad, located near St. Luke's Hospital and the I-10 near the Loop 202 interchange, is one of the most thoroughly investigated archaeological sites in the Phoenix Basin. Previous research conducted by ASU for the Arizona Department of Transportation shed light on a wide range of topics based on deposits largely dating to the Pioneer, Colonial, and Sedentary periods. Recent excavations for the Frank Luke Addition, a public housing community located near a dense concentration of Classic period (A.D. 1150–1350) materials, resulted in the identification of a Pioneer and Colonial habitation area and an area with predominantly Pioneer to Sedentary period field houses. The prehistoric activities and distinctly different feature types in these two areas suggests that patterns of land use and a land tenure system were established by the middle Pioneer period and were sustained over several centuries until the early Sedentary period.

Mark Hackbarth is a Senior Archaeologist at Logan Simpson Design in Tempe. Mark received his M.A. from the University of Arkansas at Fayetteville in 1980 and has participated in archaeological investigations in Arizona since 1982. He has served as Field Director or Principal Investigator for several large projects in the Phoenix metropolitan area since 1986, including two phases of data recovery at Palo Verde Ruin. He has directed testing and data recovery excavation at historic and prehistoric sites and written descriptive and synthetic reports for numerous projects in southern Arizona. He is a former vice-chair and secretary of the Peoria Historic Commission and has an abiding research interest in the prehistory of the Northern Periphery, including the Agua Fria and New Rivers.

Christopher Garraty, Ph.D., is the Research Director for Cultural Resources at Logan Simpson. He has worked in cultural resource management (CRM) for the past 10 years, during which he designed and worked on numerous ceramic analysis projects in Arizona, New Mexico, and California. Prior to working in CRM, he studied prehistoric ceramics from various areas of Mexico, including the central highlands around Mexico City and the tropical Gulf coast lowlands. He has authored or coauthored more than 20 peer-reviewed articles and book chapters and is the lead coeditor of Archaeological Approaches to Market Exchange in Ancient Societies (Colorado University Press, 2010), soon to be released in paperback.

March Meeting: Our speaker for March 10th was Dr. Todd Bostwick, Director of Archaeology for the Verde Valley Archaeological Center, who gave us an enthralling presentation on The Dyck Rock Shelter: A Sinagua Habitation Site Overlooking Beaver Creek in Central Arizona. The rock shelter was excavated in the 1960s and 1970s by a professional archaeologist at the request of the landowner, Paul Dyck. A report was never written and the collection has been in storage for more than 40 years. This huge collection, which includes well-preserved cotton textiles, yucca cordage, wooden artifacts, and a diversity of food remains, was donated to the VVAC a few years ago. Numerous photographs showed the remarkable archaeological materials found in the rock shelter. The textiles are in a remarkable state of preservation and very colorful.

Museum VisitWe are planning to visit the Center to view the Dyck collection in May (either May 15th or 22nd) along with the San Tan Chapter. If you are interested in joining the field trip, please contact Marie Britton at 480-827-8070 or mbrit@cox.net.

Field Trip: J. J. Golio, along with Phyllis Smith, led a Feb. 28th hike to the Badger Springs Pueblo on the Agua Fria National Monument. A total of 18 people went on the hike, 3 from the Phoenix Chapter and 15 from the Rim Country Chapter.

Archaeology ExpoThe Expo was held in the parking lot of the Casa Grande Ruins National Monument on March 5th. About 960 visitors were counted. The Phoenix Chapter had two booths (one for ARARA) and a large number of artifacts representing the foods and materials that would have been available to the Hohokam (provided by Ellen Martin). A small table with beads and string for anyone who wanted to create their own bracelet or necklace was busy throughout the day. Vicki Caltabiano helped setup and then helped visitors with beading most of the day. John Palacio, a Tucson artist who studies and creates petroglyphs, brought a large patinated rock and during the day he created a large sun symbol on it with the help of many visitors. Don Raker spent several hours in the afternoon providing visitors with their name in Maya hieroglyphs.

Upcoming Speaker:

May 12: Nancy Parezo, Prof. of Anthropology, UA, A Boot in the Door: Pioneer Women Archaeologists of Arizona. An Arizona Humanities Road Scholar.

The Phoenix Chapter usually meets at 7 pm on the 2nd Thursday of each month in the Community Room at the Pueblo Grande Museum, 4619 E. Washington St., Phoenix. We take the speaker to dinner at 5:30 pm at the Ruby Tuesday Restaurant on 44th Street and Washington just northwest of the museum. If you are interested in having dinner with the speaker, please call or email Marie (480-827-8070 or mbrit@cox.net) so that she can reserve a large enough table.

--Ellie Large

March 2016 Chapter News

March Meeting:

Our speaker for March 10th will be Dr. Todd Bostwick, who will present The Dyck Rock Shelter: A Sinagua Habitation Site Overlooking Beaver Creek in Central Arizona. In 2014, the Verde Valley Archaeology Center received a large collection of prehistoric artifacts from a Honanki phase (AD 1100-1300) Sinagua rock shelter located next to Beaver Creek north of Montezuma Castle. The rock shelter was excavated in the 1960s and 1970s by a professional archaeologist at the request of the landowner, Paul Dyck, and includes well-preserved cotton textiles, yucca cordage, wooden artifacts, and a diversity of food remains. A report was never written and the collection has been hidden away in storage for more than 40 years. This presentation discusses the history of the excavations and the results of the preliminary analyses of the materials. Numerous photographs show the remarkable archaeological materials found in the rock shelter. The textiles are in a remarkable state of preservation and very colorful. Dr. Bostwick has extensive experience in the archaeology of the Southwest. For 21 years he served as the Phoenix City Archaeologist and he is now the Director of Archaeology at the Verde Valley Archaeology Center, Camp Verde.

The Dyck Rock Shelter in 1961

 

February Meeting:

For our February 11th meeting, Eleanor and David Larson, friends of Bob and Nancy Unferth, gave us a very interesting overview of the work they have been doing in Belize for the Belize Institute of Archaeology. They spent 5 years surveying over five miles of passageways in the Barton Creek Cave in the Cayo District of Belize where they observed cultural material left by the Maya of the Classic and Terminal Classic. The caves contain ceramic material, lithics and the bones of the Maya themselves as well as cave formations which were carved and chipped into shapes that appear to represent gods. As a special added attraction, Girl Scouts Daisy Troop 152 from Tempe had cookies available for sale before the meeting and several varieties were available for members to sample.

 

Upcoming Events:

March 5:        Archaeology Expo, Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, Coolidge. We'll have a booth (or two). Stop by to say hello or take a
                       turn at explaining what the AAS does for the archaeology of Arizona.
March 7-10:   4th Sonoran Symposium, Ajo: Converging Trails: Past, Present and Future of the Sonoran Desert

Upcoming Speakers:

April 14    Mark Hackbarth & Chris Garraty, Logan Simpson Design, Archaeological Investigations of La Ciudad within the Frank Luke
                 Addition: A Neighborhood Services Department Project

The Phoenix Chapter usually meets at 7 pm on the 2nd Thursday of each month in the Community Room at the Pueblo Grande Museum, 4619 E. Washington St., Phoenix. We take the speaker to dinner at 5:30 pm at the Ruby Tuesday Restaurant on 44th Street and Washington just northwest of the museum. If you are interested in having dinner with the speaker, please call or email Marie (480-827-8070 or mbrit@cox.net) so that she can reserve a large enough table.

--Ellie Large 
 

February 2016 Chapter News

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

         Eleanor Larson next to Maya Hand Prints                                                                         The entrance of Barton Creek Cave

 

For our February 11th meeting, Eleanor and David Larson, who are friends of Bob and Nancy Unferth, will present Modification of Caves by the Maya. The Larsons have been cavers since college and have participated in various cave survey projects in the U. S. While visiting Belize in 1999, they were invited by the archeologist who later became the Director of the Belize Institute of Archaeology to map one of the caves he and his field school were investigating. (A colleague had suggested that he should ask cavers to do the mapping.) They were only too happy to get a group of cavers together and have been leading a group of cavers to Belize every year since 2000. The cavers were happy to volunteer to survey caves not open to the public. They spent the next 5 years surveying over five miles of passageways in the Barton Creek Cave in the Cayo District of Belize. While surveying Barton Creek Cave and the other cave assigned by the Institute of Archaeology, they observed cultural material left by the Maya of the Classic and Terminal Classic. The caves contain ceramic material, lithics and the bones of the Maya themselves. They also have seen many examples of modified cave formations which were carved and chipped into shapes that appear to represent gods.

Our January speaker was Cathie Rubins, a docent with the Phoenix Art Museum, who presented Prehistoric Art: How to Think Like a Cro-Magnon. She gave a delightful presentation, explaining the basic concepts still used in art today (such as line, shape, form, texture and color) using illustrations from cave art as well as prehistoric figurines and more recent examples of modeled and sculpted works of art.

Upcoming Events:

Feb. 28: The Payson Chapter will join us for a field trip to Badger Springs Pueblo and petroglyphs (Agua Fria National Monument) led by J J Golio. In case of bad weather, we will go to Robbins Butte. Sign up in advance at the meeting or by email to 76desert@gmail.com. No sign up the day of the trip.

March 5:        Archaeology Expo, Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, Coolidge

March 7-10:   4th Sonoran Symposium, Ajo: Converging Trails: Past, Present and Future of the Sonoran Desert

Upcoming Speakers:

March 10: Todd Bostwick, Verde Valley Archaeological Center, The Dyck Rock Shelter: A Sinagua Habitation Site Overlooking Beaver Creek in Central Arizona

April 14:    Mark Hackbarth & Chris Garraty, Logan Simpson Design, Archaeological Investigations of La Ciudad within the Frank Luke Addition: A Neighborhood Services Department Project

The Phoenix Chapter usually meets at 7 pm on the 2nd Thursday of each month in the Community Room at the Pueblo Grande Museum, 4619 E. Washington St., Phoenix. We take the speaker to dinner at 5:30 pm at the Ruby Tuesday Restaurant on 44th Street and Washington just northwest of the museum. If you are interested in having dinner with the speaker, please call or email Marie (480-827-8070 or mbrit@cox.net) so that she can reserve a large enough table.

--Ellie Large

 

January 2016 Chapter News

Jan. 7th Meeting: This month our meeting will be on the 1st Thursday of the month, Jan. 7, so that members can attend the 15th Biennial Southwest Symposium in Tucson which starts on Jan. 14 (our regular meeting date).

Our January presenter will be Cathie Rubins, Phoenix Art Museum, who will give us a presentation on Prehistoric Art: How to Think Like a Cro-Magnon. While we can only speculate about the reason for their creation, ancient works discovered worldwide show that early human artists used a variety of media and techniques in their creation of the first paintings, engravings, and sculpture. Art of the prehistoric period is based upon the same four elements of art (line, shape, color and texture) as are used by artists throughout history and today. We will examine both ancient and modern works as we explore objects as old as 30,000 years that document our artistic heritage.

Cathie was a member of the Phoenix Art Museum docent class of 2009, and has been an Arizona resident since 1997. She has a BA in Art History from Arizona State University and a BA in Theatre and Speech from the College of William and Mary. Her main area of interest is art of the medieval period. In addition to serving as a docent at the Phoenix Art Museum, she also works part-time as an event coordinator for ASU's Gammage Auditorium. Her hobbies include reading, cooking and keeping up with seven grandchildren.

December Meeting: Dec. 11th was our Annual Holiday Potluck. The chapter provided sliced roast beef and turkey, several types of cheese, croissants and rolls, as well as several types of condiments; the mild horseradish dressing was a big hit! Members provided a variety of delicious side dishes and desserts as usual. A drawing was held at the end of the night for the holiday table decorations.

Our speaker was Dr. Thomas H. Wilson, Director of the Arizona Museum of Natural History in Mesa, who talked about Chichén Itzá, City of the Sacred Well. While most of the ruins in the Yucatan Peninsula have Classical Maya roots, archaeological work at Chichén Itzá reveals that many of the buildings at the site also resemble those found elsewhere in Yucatán, such as the Puuc sites of Uxmal, Kabah, and Labna, while others more closely resemble Toltec sites in central Mexico, such as Tula. He explained the differences between the Classic Maya architectural style, the Puuc style, and the Toltec style, and answered a number of questions brought up by his talk.

Upcoming Events:

Jan. 9:      1 pm. Dr. Wilson will give us a guided tour of  the Arizona Museum of Natural History exhibit Cultures of the Ancient Americas.

Upcoming Speakers:

Feb. 11:    Eleanor and David Larson, Modified Flowstone and Other Cultural Material Left by the Maya in the Caves of Belize.

March 10: Todd Bostwick, The Dyck Rock Shelter: A Sinagua Habitation Site Overlooking Beaver Creek in Central Arizona

The Phoenix Chapter usually meets at 7 pm on the 2nd Thursday of each month in the Community Room at the Pueblo Grande Museum, 4619 E. Washington St., Phoenix. We take the speaker to dinner at 5:30 pm at the Ruby Tuesday Restaurant on 44th Street and Washington just northwest of the museum. If you are interested in having dinner with the speaker, please call or email Marie (480-827-8070 or mbrit@cox.net) so that she can reserve a large enough table.

December 2015 Chapter News

Dec. 10th Meeting: Dec. 11 is our Annual Holiday Potluck, which will start at 6 pm. The chapter will provide meat, rolls and beverages as usual; members bring side dishes or desserts to share. A drawing will be held at the end of the night for the table decorations. The talk will begin around 7 pm.
Our speaker will be Dr. Thomas H. Wilson, Director of the Arizona Museum of Natural History in Mesa. The title of his talk is: Chichén Itzá, City of the Sacred Well. The great site of Chichén Itzá in the northern Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico has fascinated the world ever since the visits of John Lloyd Stephens and Frederick Catherwood in the 1840s. Archaeological work at Chichén Itzá revealed that many buildings at the site resemble those found elsewhere in Yucatán, such as Uxmal, Kabah, and Labna. Other buildings are a stark departure from the more common Mayan architecture of the peninsula. Who were the peoples who created one of the great sites of the ancient world? What do the different architectural styles mean? What is the relationship of the Yucatecan sites and the great Maya cities to the south, such as Tikal, Yaxhilán and Palenque? AzMNH Director Tom Wilson earned his Ph.D. studying Chichén Itzá in the 1970s. Join him as he revisits Chichén Itzá based on a recent trip to Yucatán. You won't want to miss this impressive presentation.
 
 

Nov. 12th Meeting: Sarah Steele, Park Supervisor/ Department Curator, San Tan Mountain Regional Park, talked about Protecting Our Resources for Future Park/Preserve Visitors. She explained how the park came to be, what they currently know about the archaeological resources in the park area, and their ongoing efforts to fill in the gaps in their knowledge. The San Tan Chapter has been very helpful in providing volunteers to survey the many acres that they know almost nothing about. Volunteers from other chapters are welcome to assist this effort. Contact Sarah at santanpark@mail.maricopa.gov for more information.

Upcoming Hike:

Wednesday, Dec 16, 9 am: Historic Trail Hike along the Black Canyon Sheepway. Loosely speaking, this is the original highway north. We will be following/paralleling the path sheepherders used to take their flocks north in the spring and south in the fall. We will be hiking on trail and in one area on a dirt road. The hike is 6 miles long . There are some ups and downs but no major elevation changes. It is a decent trail, as desert trails go, but is not paved. Wear boots, bring water, snacks, lunch, hat.

Directions: Go north on I-17, past Carefree Hwy and past Anthem Way and exit at New River. Turn left on New River Road. Go approximately 3 miles, past MP 8 and Circle Mountain Rd. Turn right into the trailhead parking lot. There is a sign but it is not easily visible from the road. You can see the shade structure for the trail host before you get to the turn. Paved roads all the way, including the parking lot! Vault toilets and picnic tables at the trailhead. Due to insurance requirements, I cannot arrange carpooling. But, a few days before the hike I will send out a notice with everyone's name on it and you may arrange carpooling among yourselves.

Send me an email or sign up at the December meeting. If I don't know you are coming and I don't have your email, you won't be notified if the hike is cancelled.

Fall Speaker Schedule:

Jan. 7:      Cathie Rubins, Phoenix Art Museum, Presentation on Prehistoric Art: How to Think Like a Cro-Magnon

Feb. 11:    Eleanor and David Larson, Modified Flowstone and Other Cultural Material Left by the Maya in the Caves of Belize.

March 10: Todd Bostwick, The Dyck Rock Shelter: A Sinagua Habitation Sit Overlooking Beaver Creek in Central Arizona

Upcoming Events:

Jan. 9:      We will visit the Arizona Museum of Natural History in Mesa to view their exhibit, Cultures of the Ancient Americas, in conjunction with the Dec. 10th talk on Chichén Itzá by the Museum's Director, Thomas Wilson.

The Phoenix Chapter meets at 7 pm on the 2nd Thursday of each month in the Community Room at the Pueblo Grande Museum, 4619 E. Washington St., Phoenix. We take the speaker to dinner at 5:30 pm at the Ruby Tuesday Restaurant on 44th Street and Washington just northwest of the museum. If you are interested in having dinner with the speaker, please call or email Marie (480-827-8070 or mbrit@cox.net) so that she can reserve a large enough table.

November 2015 Chapter News

Nov. 12th Meeting: Sarah Steele, Park Supervisor/ Department Curator, San Tan Mountain Regional Park, will give us an overview of the archaeology of the park titled Protecting Our Resources for Future Park/Preserve Visitors. The growing communities that surround the San Tan Mountain Regional Park bring many challenges to protecting and preserving the park's natural and cultural resources. Sarah will discuss how best to protect these resources and their educational and archaeological research opportunities. She will dive into the extensive park history and take a close look at the Hohokam presence within the San Tans. Finally, she will discuss why they believe they are at a critical point in preservation and how we can assist them.


Sarah Steele is a born-and-raised Arizona native with a huge passion for the outdoors. She has a Bachelor’s Degree in Biology with an emphasis in Ecology and Wildlife Management. In the past 15 years she has devoted herself to University research, husbandry within a zoological setting, wildlife management with Arizona Game and Fish, and as an Interpretive Ranger for the Maricopa County Parks and Recreation Department. Currently she is the Park Supervisor for San Tan Mountain Regional Park and has discovered a new passion for archaeological preservation. The past several years she has been working with the San Tan Chapter of the AAS and local archaeologists to identify and record undocumented historic and prehistoric evidence in order to enable land managers to better protect these resources.

Oct. 8th Meeting: Dr. Todd Bostwick's talk on Life and Death at a Hohokam Ballcourt Village in the Northern Tucson Basin was very informative. As always, he carefully explained the background of the excavation, what was found, and why it was interpreted the way that it was. Most importantly, he explained many of the differences between the archaeology of the Tucson Basin and the archaeology of the Gila-Salt River Basin. Ironwood Village was located on the piedmont of the Tortolita Mountains northwest of Tucson. The area had never been farmed and was still covered by natural vegetation. Although it was occupied for 200 years from the Late Pioneer through the Colonial Period, it was abandoned after the Colonial Period, leaving a fairly undisturbed view of the site plan. Over 100 houses were found along with 252 burials, most of which were found in burial areas that had not been disturbed by house-building. Since no canal was found, the farmers had to rely on rainfall and runoff for their fields, which may have contributed to the abandonment of the site.

Fall Speaker Schedule:

Dec. 10:     Tom Wilson, Chichén Itzá, City of the Sacred Well

Jan. 7:        Cathie Rubins, Phoenix Art Museum, Presentation on Prehistoric Art: How to Think Like a Cro-Magnon

Feb. 11:       Eleanor and David Larson, Modified Flowstone and Other Cultural Material Left by the Maya in the Caves of Belize.

March 10     Todd Bostwick, The Dyck Rock Shelter: A Sinagua Habitation Sit Overlooking Beaver Creek in Central Arizona

Upcoming Events:

Nov. 14:`  South Mountain Petroglyph Hike.  Aaron Wright will guide an off-trail hike to view some of the Petroglyphs in the South Mountains. Both PGMA and AAS-Phoenix Chapter members are invited. Maximum of 15 people. For more details or to sign up, contact Ellie Large (elarge@cox.net) or Donald Appel (dappel@cox.net). Sign-up sheets will be available at the Nov. 4th PGMA meeting and at the Nov. 12th AAS meeting.

Nov-Dec: Date TBD. We are planning to visit the Arizona Museum of Natural History in Mesa to view their exhibit,Cultures of the Ancient Americas, in conjunction with the Dec. 10th talk on Chichén Itzá by the Museum's Director, Thomas Wilson.

The Phoenix Chapter meets at 7 pm on the 2nd Thursday of each month in the Community Room at the Pueblo Grande Museum, 4619 E. Washington St., Phoenix. We take the speaker to dinner at 5:30 pm at the Ruby Tuesday Restaurant on 44th Street and Washington just northwest of the museum. If you are interested in having dinner with the speaker, please call or email Marie (480-827-8070 or mbrit@cox.net) so that she can reserve a large enough table.

--Ellie Large

October 2015 Chapter News

Oct. 8th Meeting: Dr. Todd Bostwick will talk about Life and Death at a Hohokam Ballcourt Village in the Northern Tucson Basin. The Canada del Oro phase (early Colonial period) has been poorly documented in the Tucson Basin. Recent excavations by PaleoWest Archaeology at the Ironwood Village site in southern Marana is adding new data on this period. The site was first recorded as part of the Northern Tucson Basin Survey and identified as a Pioneer and Colonial period habitation site. The excavations have confirmed that assessment, and also discovered a previously unknown ballcourt that was not visible on the surface. The site is also considerably larger than expected, with 113 pit structures and 264 burials recorded during excavation of a 7-acre area. A previously investigated Pioneer-Colonial period village on the west side of the Santa Cruz River, the Redtail-Lonetree site, and the presence of a ballcourt village on the east side of river forces us to re-examine the settlement dynamics for this part of the Tucson Basin.  

The Ironwood Village ballcourt was excavated in its entirety. In the middle of the ballcourt was a high-status cremation burial that may represent the closing of the ballcourt at the abandonment of the village during the late Rillito phase. So where did the Ironwood Village inhabitants move? The best candidate is Los Morteros, located only 3 km to west. This and other research questions will be examined with data from the Ironwood Village excavations.
Dr. Todd Bostwick has been conducting archaeological research in the Southwest for 36 years. He was the Phoenix City Archaeologist for 21 years at Pueblo Grande Museum and is currently the Director of Archaeology at the Verde Valley Archaeology Center.

Sept. 10th Meeting: Dr. Aaron Wright, explained how he analyzed the rock art of the South Mountains in his talk on The South Mountains Ritual Landscape and Hohokam Social Change. The South Mountains, nestled at the confluence of the Salt and Gila Rivers, hosts the largest concentration of rock art in the Hohokam core area. His study took a close look at this landscape in order to date the rock art and understand the context. He used a model of ritual structure and practice to show how, in which ways, and to what extent the production and consumption of Hohokam rock art were ritualized. Contextual data suggested residents of nearby villages produced petroglyphs in at least seven different landscape settings, each of which showed different degrees of ritualization. This variability, coupled with the general openness and accessibility of the rock art, argues against its exclusive authorship by religious specialists, i.e., shamans, and suggests a more equitable distribution of religious knowledge and ritual power within Hohokam communities.

In terms of chronology, four relative measures revealed shifts in petroglyph iconography in the South Mountains thru time roughly congruent to those observed on decorated pottery. They further bracket the origin for most, perhaps even all, of the petroglyphs to the Hohokam Preclassic era, circa A.D. 450-1050. An ebbing of, or even an end to, petroglyph ritualism at the beginning of the Classic period and coincident with the rise of platform mound ceremonialism, shows that a centralization of ritual power and religious authority was instrumental to the Preclassic-Classic social transformation. His study is published in the book Religion on the Rocks: Hohokam Rock Art, Ritual Practice, and Social Transformation, by the University of Utah Press.

Fall Speaker Schedule:

Nov. 12:   Sarah Steele, Park Supervisor/ Department Curator, San Tan Mountain Regional Park, Overview of the Archaeology of the San Tan Mountains

Dec. 10:   Tom Wilson, Chichen Itza, City of the Sacred Well

Jan. 7:`     TBD

Feb. 11:    Eleanor and David Larson, Modified Flowstone and Other Cultural Material Left by the Maya in the Caves of Belize.

Upcoming Events:

Oct. 16:    We are planning a trip to the ASU Innovation Gallery to view the Speaking for the Dead exhibit. The exhibit explores the workings of forensic anthropology and increasingly sophisticated technologies of identification. For more info go to https:// asuevents.asu.edu/speaking-dead.

Nov-Dec: Date TBD. We are planning to visit the Arizona Museum of Natural History in Mesa to view their exhibit, Cultures of the Ancient Americas, in conjunction with the Dec. 10th talk.

Nov. 14:`  Pima Canyon, South Mountain Petroglyph Hike. Aaron Wright will guide an off-trail hike to view some of the Petroglyphs in the South Mountains. Phoenix Chapter members have priority.

Feb.          Date TBD. Hike to the Eagletails Petroglyph Site; a relatively easy 8 mile roundtrip; limited to 15 people, Phoenix Chapter members have priority.

The Phoenix Chapter meets at 7 pm on the 2nd Thursday of each month in the Community Room at the Pueblo Grande Museum, 4619 E. Washington St., Phoenix. We take the speaker to dinner at 5:30 pm at the Ruby Tuesday Restaurant on 44th Street and Washington just northwest of the museum. If you are interested in having dinner with the speaker, please call or email Marie (480-827-8070 or mbrit@cox.net) so that she can reserve a large enough table.

September 2015 Chapter News 

May 14th Meeting: Jerry Howard, Ph.D., Curator of Anthropology at the Arizona Museum of Natural History, Mesa, gave a great talk about recent donations they have received and the new artifacts now on display in their new exhibit, Cultures of the Ancient Americas, which includes items from Peru to the Southwest. Some of the new items were donated by two of our Phoenix chapter members.

Sept. 10th Meeting: Aaron Wright, whose book on the rock art of the South Mountains has recently been published, will talk on The Ritual Practice Of Hohokam Rock Art In The Phoenix Basin.

Photo on left is an overview of the Sun Struck Site at the mouth of Pima Canyon, east end of the South Mountains (photo by Al Arpad)

The more than 7,000 petroglyphs in the South Mountains, nestled at the confluence of the Salt and Gila Rivers, are the largest concentration of rock art in the Hohokam core area. Recently published research takes a close look at their contexts in order to refine the Hohokam rock art chronology and bring to light their ritual nature. Four relative measures reveal shifts in petroglyph iconography roughly congruent to those observed on decorated pottery. They further bracket the origin for most, perhaps even all, of the South Mountains petroglyphs to the Hohokam Preclassic era, circa A.D. 450-1050.

This study employs a model of ritual structure and practice to delineate how, in which ways, and to what extent the production and consumption of Hohokam rock art were ritualized. Results suggest residents of nearby villages crafted petroglyphs in at least seven different landscape settings, each of which evidenced different degrees of ritualization. This variability, coupled with the general openness and accessibility of the rock art, argues against its authorship by religious specialists, i.e., shamans, and suggests a more equitable distribution of religious knowledge and ritual power within Hohokam communities. An ebbing, or even end to, petroglyph ritualism at the beginning of the Classic period, coincident with the rise of platform mound ceremonialism, shows that a centralization of ritual power and religious authority was instrumental to the Preclassic-Classic social transformation.

Aaron is a former preservation fellow with the Center for Desert Archaeology (now Archaeology Southwest) in Tucson. His research interests include indigenous Southwest ritualism and religion, rock art, and paleoclimatology. He is coeditor (with Timothy Kohler and Mark Varien) of Leaving Mesa Verde: Peril and Change in the Thirteenth-Century Southwest. Copies of his new book, Religion on the Rocks: Hohokam Rock Art, Ritual Practice, and Social Transformation, will be available at the lecture for $52.00, a 20% discount of the the list price of $65.00. Cash or Check only.

Fall Speaker Schedule:

Sept. 10:    Aaron Wright, The Ritual Practice Of Hohokam Rock Art In The Phoenix Basin.

Oct. 8:       Todd Bostwick, Archaeological Excavations at Ironwood Village: A Hohokam Ball Court Site in Marana

Nov. 12:    Sarah Steele, Park Supervisor/ Dept Curator, San Tan Mtn Regional Park, Overview of the Archaeology of the San Tan Mountains

Dec. 10:    Tom Wilson, Az Museum of Natural History, Chichen Itza, City of the Sacred Well

Jan. 7:        TBD

Feb. 11:     Eleanor and David Larson, Modified Flowstone and Other Cultural Material Left by the Maya in the Caves of Belize

Upcoming Events:

Oct. 2-4 - AAS State Meeting, Springerville

Nov. 6-7 - AAC Conference, Sedona

--Ellie Large 

May 2015 Chapter News

May 14th Meeting: Cultures of the Ancient Americas: A New Exhibit at AMNH: Jerry Howard, Ph.D., Curator of Anthropology at the Arizona Museum of Natural History, Mesa, will talk about recent donations they have received and the new artifacts now on display in their new exhibit, Cultures of the Ancient Americas, which includes items from Peru to the Southwest. The Arizona Museum of Natural History, located in the center of Mesa, has recently received several generous donations of artifacts from the American Southwest, Mesoamerica, Central America and the Andes. Some of these are already on display in the museum. Jerry will describe their new exhibit and show us slides of some of their most interesting artifacts.
 
Jerry Howard, Ph. D., is the Curator of Anthropology at the Arizona Museum of Natural History. Jerry is best known for his extensive studies of the prehistoric Hohokam irrigation systems in the Salt River Valley, the focus of his masters and doctoral work at ASU. An early proponent of preservation archaeology, Jerry also argued to preserve the Mesa Grande platform mound before the Mesa City Council the early 1980s and began directing the Mesa Grande Archaeological Project after it was purchased. A supporter of public involvement in the field of archaeology, he cofounded the Southwest Archaeology Team (SWAT), a group that recovers information from sites on land slated for construction prior to their destruction. This group has played a key role in the preservation of the Mesa Grande and the opening of the archaeological park. He has also helped raise a new generation of archaeologists as an adjunct faculty member at Mesa Community College and by directing the MCC archaeological field school at Mesa Grande.   

 Woven Blanket with Eight Figures, 40" x 84"
Lambayeque/Chimú, ca. 1000-1400 CE,  North Coast of Peru

Large Jaguar Incensario, 200-700 CE, Veracruz, Mexico

April Meeting: On April 9th, Kyle Woodson, Director of the Cultural Resource Management Program of the Gila River Indian Community (GRIC) in Sacaton, discussed Hohokam Pottery Production Areas and the Organization of Ceramic Production and Exchange in the Phoenix Basin. He reviewed the known Hohokam pottery production areas in the Phoenix Basin and compared the distribution to what would be expected from several different models of exchange. It appears as though the exchange network changed radically after the disappearance of ballcourts from Hohokam sites.
 
Upcoming Events:
May 13-15 - Arizona Historic Preservation Conference: Paths to Preservation, Flagstaff.
May 22-25 - 42nd Annual ARARA Conference, Laughlin, Nevada, at the Colorado Belle.
The Phoenix Chapter meets at 7 pm on the 2nd Thursday of each month in the Community Room at the Pueblo Grande Museum, 4619 E. Washington St., Phoenix. We take the speaker to dinner at 5:30 pm at the Ruby Tuesday Restaurant on 44th Street and Washington just northwest of the museum. If you are interested in having dinner with the speaker, please call or email Marie (480-827-8070 or mbrit@cox.net) so that she can reserve a large enough table.

April Meeting: On April 9th, Kyle Woodson, Director of the Cultural Resource Management Program of the Gila River Indian Community (GRIC) in Sacaton, will discuss Hohokam Pottery Production Areas and the Organization of Ceramic Production and Exchange in the Phoenix Basin. The prevailing model of the organization of Hohokam ceramic production and exchange in the Phoenix Basin is based largely on indirect evidence. Kyle will review the known Hohokam pottery production areas in the Phoenix Basin and describe a recently discovered locus at the Sweetwater site in the middle Gila River Valley which provides direct evidence. He will discuss the implications of this evidence for our understanding of the organization of Hohokam ceramic production and exchange in the Phoenix Basin.

Dr. Woodson has worked for GRIC for 18 years and has served as Director of the CRM program for the last 3 years. He received his Ph.D. in Anthropology from ASU in 2010. He has studied the archaeology and history of southern Arizona in tribal, academic, and cultural resource management settings. His research focuses on southern Arizona and includes Hohokam canal irrigation agriculture, community organization, and ceramic production and technology, as well as Ancestral Puebloan migrations. He has written extensively on these subjects, and published several papers on these topics in various professional journals and books.  

April Field Trip: On Saturday, April 11, Site Steward Judy Stoycheff will lead a guided tour of Fitzmaurice Ruin, located in the Prescott Valley. It is an easy hike, but requires hiking across a wash, so it is not suitable for walkers or wheelchairs. We will meet at 10 am at Fain Park in Prescott Valley. After lunch we will have a guided tour of the Watson Lake pithouses and then a tour of the Smoki Museum. Please email Phyllis Smith at 76desert@gmail.com for more details if you are interested in going on this field trip. A sign-up sheet will also be available at the April 9th meeting.   

May 14th Meeting: Jerry Howard, Ph.D., Curator of Anthropology at the Arizona Museum of Natural History, Mesa, will talk about recent donations they have received and the new artifacts on display in their new exhibit, Cultures of the Ancient Americas  

March Meeting: On March 12th John Hall, Statistical Research, gave us a PowerPoint presentation on The Luke Solar Project: An Extensive Middle and Late Archaic Period Site in the Western Phoenix Basin. From 2010–2013, Statistical Research, Inc. (SRI) conducted phased data recovery on Luke Air Force Base for the construction of a proposed 107-acre solar-power-array. This project involved the excavation of an extensive 44 acre site which contained over 3,000 buried features in a lower-bajada environment. The results of this project include the most substantial evidence of Middle and Late Archaic land use found so far in the Phoenix Basin and southern Arizona. Based on the archaeological and geo-archaeological results, the site intermittently functioned as a seasonal habitation or resource procurement, processing, and staging locale. Before these excavations were conducted, it was believed that the Salt River Valley lacked a middle and late archaic horizon. Although the site covered many acres, it was very shallow and had been preserved because the area had never been plowed. 

Upcoming Events:

April 4 - AAS State Meeting at Winslow to vote on the Bylaws Revision.

May 13-15 - Arizona Historic Preservation Conference: Paths to Preservation, Flagstaff.

May 22-25 - 42nd Annual ARARA Conference, Laughlin, Nevada, at the Colorado Belle. Pre-registration deadline is May 1.

--Ellie Large

March 2015 Chapter News

March Meeting: March 12 - John Hall, Statistical Research: The Luke Solar Project: An Extensive Middle and Late Archaic Period Site in the Western Phoenix Basin. From 2010–2013, Statistical Research, Inc. (SRI) conducted phased data recovery on Luke Air Force Base for the construction of a proposed 107-acre solar-power-array. The Luke Solar Project included the excavation of an extensive 44 acre site which contained over 3,000 buried features in a lower-bajada environment. The results of this project include the most substantial evidence of Middle and Late Archaic land use in the Phoenix Basin and southern Arizona. Based on the archaeological and geo-archaeological results, the site intermittently functioned as a seasonal habitation or resource procurement, processing, and staging locale.

 

 

John D. Hall, M.A., RPA, is a Senior Project Director at Statistical Research, Inc. in Tucson. He has worked on dozens of cultural resource management projects in the Southwest since 1997 and as a supervisor on large survey and data recovery projects. He served as the project director for the Luke Solar excavations, and has recently helped complete the analysis and write-up for this large and complicated project.

February Meeting: Chris Reed, from the Agua Fria Chapter, gave us a tour of the Natural Bridges National Monument, Utah, where he learned what it would have been to live on the edge. His presentation provided a photographic tour of the beauty, landscape, and archaeology of Natural Bridges and adjoining Cedar Mesa. Southeast Utah is known for some wild canyon country with Indian ruins; some of them are easy to get to, while others are beyond access. While we will never know all of the details of life here 1000 years ago, we do know that this area had a large concentration of small groups of 1-to-4 families trying to survive in a harsh world. While living there for the summer as a Park Ranger, he discovered life here has always been on the edge. Chris is an avocational archaeologist and a docent and tour guide at the Deer Valley Rock Art Center, and has taken several classes and workshops from the AAS. He has participated in many archaeological fieldwork sessions with the AAS, Forest Service, Park Service, and BLM. He spent the last five summers as a National Park Ranger at Petrified Forest, El Morro, Gila Cliff Dwellings, Bandelier, and Natural Bridges (Utah).

Upcoming Meetings:

April 9 - Kyle Woodson, GRIC: Hohokam Pottery Production Areas and the Organization of Ceramic Production and Exchange in the Phoenix Basin.

May 14 - Jerry Howard, AMNH: New AMNH Exhibit: Cultures of the Ancient Americas

Upcoming Events:

March 7 - Archaeology Expo, 9 am - 4 pm, Yuma Quartermaster Depot State Historic Park, Yuma. We will have a booth there. Stop by and say hello if you decide to attend the Expo!

March 14, 9 am - 3 pm - Ancient Technology Day at PGM.

April 4 - AAS State Meeting at Winslow to vote on the Bylaws Revision.

May 22-25 - 42nd Annual ARARA Conference, Laughlin, Nevada, at the Colorado Belle. Pre-registration deadline is May 1.

Sad News: Our chapter advisor, K. J. Schroeder, passed away on Jan. 26th. He was struck with an aggressive form of cancer that quickly ended his life. In addition to serving as our chapter advisor, K. J. was a long time Advisory Board member, past President and valued friend and consultant for the Pioneers' Cemetery Association. The PCA is hosting a Memorial Service on Saturday, Feb. 28th, at 11 am, at the Pioneer & Military Memorial Park, 13th Ave.& Jefferson St., Phoenix.

 --Ellie Large  

 

February 2015:

Feb. 12 - Chris Reed, Agua Fria Chapter, Natural Bridges National Monument - Living on the Edge. Like most of us, Chris is an avocational archaeologist. He is a docent and tour guide at the Deer Valley Rock Art Center and has taken several classes and workshops from the Arizona Archaeological Society. He has participated in many archaeological fieldwork sessions with the AAS, Forest Service, Park Service, and BLM. He spent the last five summers as a National Park Ranger at Petrified Forest, El Morro, Gila Cliff Dwellings, Bandelier, and Natural Bridges.

This presentation provides a photographic journey exploring the beauty, landscape, and archaeology of Natural Bridges and adjoining Cedar Mesa. Southeast Utah is known for some wild canyon country with Indian ruins; some of them are easy to get to, while others are beyond access. We will never know all of the details of the history of life here 1000 years ago, but we do know this area has a large concentration of small groups of 1-to-4 families living together trying to survive in a harsh world. While living here for the summer as a Park Ranger, I discovered life here has always been on the edge.

January Meeting: At our Jan. 8th meeting Craig Fertelmes, a Project Manager for the Gila River Indian Community’s Cultural Resource Management Program, gave us a very well organized talk on his research into Vesicular Basalt Provisioning Among the Prehistoric Hohokam of the Salt-Gila Basin. Vesicular (or vuggy) basalt was used for most of the grinding stones (manos and metates) used by the Hohokam to grind corn and other materials. Several different methods had been used to try to tie them back to their sources, but these were hampered by the need to use very small samples which were often destroyed by the analysis. Recently developed handheld X-ray fluorescent (XRF) spectrometers have the capability to quantify or qualify nearly any element and allow researchers to take the battery-operated instrument to the sample whether in the field or in a museum. Craig analyzed the characteristics of 17 basalt source areas in the Gila and Salt River Valleys and compared them to 484 vesicular basalt artifacts available in museum collections from 9 Hohokam sites. His analysis suggested that vesicular basalt tools were produced by specialists in a few locations and that finished tools were acquired through workshop procurement or from local distributers.

Upcoming Meetings:

March 12 - John Hall, Statistical Research: The Luke Solar Project: An Extensive Middle and Late Archaic Period Site in the Western Phoenix Basin.

Upcoming Hikes:

Doug Newton is leading us on a trip to Painted Rocks (easy access) and Rocky Point (same area but more difficult). What better way to spend Valentine's Day than hiking with people you like? More info to follow. Sign-up sheets will be available at the February meeting.

--Ellie Large   

January 2015 Chapter News:  

 

Jan. 8 – Craig Fertelmes, Gila River Indian Community: Vesicular Basalt Provisioning Among the Prehistoric Hohokam of the Salt-Gila Basin. The prehistoric Hohokam of the Salt-Gila Basin in southern Arizona frequently needed vesicular basalt for the manufacture of grinding tools (e.g., manos and metates). However, the precise nature of how they acquired vesicular basalt has been poorly understood due in part to an inability to identify the sources of the raw material. Recent research using non-destructive portable X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (PXRF) has found that PXRF analyses can provide valid provenance assignments for ground-stone artifacts. Application of this method resulted in the development of a new model to explain the movement of ground stone artifacts. The implication of these findings for understanding the organization of Hohokam domestic and political economies is also discussed.

Craig received a Ph.D. in Anthropology from ASU in 2014 and is presently a Project Manager for the Gila River Indian Community’s Cultural Resource Management Program. His research interests include Hohokam archaeology and the use of compositional analysis techniques for archaeological research. He has helped author a number of journal artifacts, technical reports, and professional presentations that involve the use of X-ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy (XRF) for obsidian and vesicular basalt geographic provenance analyses. Craig’s is presently focused on improving the use of nondestructive XRF for Hohokam vesicular basalt provenance research.

December Meeting:  The Holiday Potluck was a delicious feast, as usual. The elections of the 2015 board was also conducted. Dr. Todd Bostwick presented a very interesting and informative program on Interpreting the Nazca Lines: Enigmatic Images of the Peruvian Desert, with slides he took on a 2013 trip to Peru. Todd is the Director of Archaeology for the Verde Valley Archaeology Center and Senior Research Archaeologist for Paleo West Archaeology. He explained that the images are geoglyphs (like the ones we are familiar with along the Colorado River) constructed by removing rocks from the desert floor to expose the lighter soil beneath. He then compared many of the geoglyphs on the Nazca plateau with similar images from Nazca ceramics, and showed that in many cases lines extended from the figures to nearby mounds where there are cairns which probably had ritual significance.

Upcoming Meetings:

Feb. 12 - Chris Reed, Agua Fria Chapter, Natural Bridges National Monument - Living on the Edge.

March 12 - John Hall, Statistical Research: The Luke Solar Project: An Extensive Middle and Late Archaic Period Site in the Western Phoenix Basin.

Upcoming Hike:

Jan. 25 - The South Mountain Hieroglyphic Canyon hike will be led by Vince Waldron. Sign up at the January meeting.

The Phoenix Chapter meets at 7 pm on the 2nd Thursday of each month in the Community Room at the Pueblo Grande Museum, 4619 E. Washington St., Phoenix. We take the speaker to dinner at 5:30 pm at the Ruby Tuesday Restaurant on 44th Street and Washington just northwest of the museum. If you are interested in having dinner with the speaker, please call or email Marie (480-827-8070 or mbrit@cox.net) so that she can reserve a large enough table.

--Ellie Large

December 2014 Chapter News

Dec. 11 is our Annual Holliday Potluck and will start at 6 pm. The chapter will provide meat, rolls and beverages as usual. The talk will start at 7 pm with Dr. Todd Bostwick on Interpreting the Nazca Lines: Enigmatic Images of the Peruvian Desert. Todd is the Director of Archaeology for the Verde Valley Archaeology Center and Senior Research Archaeologist for Paleo West Archaeology.

We will have a Silent Auction during the dinner and talk. We will also have a few 50th Anniversary T-shirts and a few of the 50th Anniversary Coffee Cups for sale.

November Meeting: Ric Alling, the speaker for our November meeting, Applied Archaeoastronomy in the American Southwest. Ric is the inaugural director of the newly opened Marston Exploration Theater at ASU which uses the next generation of planetarium technologies to render images in 3D stereographic space. He showed us how he used an instrument that he developed to take sequential photographs of a viewing point at Wupatki and then explained how he used those images to determine what would have been visible to a viewer in the night skies at the time the site was occupied.

Upcoming Meetings:

Jan. 8 – Craig Fertelmes, Gila River Indian Community: Vesicular Basalt Provisioning Among the Prehistoric Hohokam of the Salt-Gila Basin

Feb. 12 - Chris Reed, Agua Fria Chapter, Natural Bridges National Monument - Living on the Edge.

March 12 - John Hall, Statistical Research: The Middle and Late Archaic/Early Agricultural Period near Luke Air Force Base

Upcoming Hike:

Dec. 20 - Hike to view the 19th Ave and Greenway petroglyph site in Phoenix. It is easy to drive to and has adequate parking but there will be some scrambling to see the glyphs. More details will be emailed to all chapter members.

Spring - The South Mountain Hieroglyphic Canyon hike that was scheduled for Oct. 26th following the state meeting had to be cancelled. It will be rescheduled for this spring. Stay tuned!

The Phoenix Chapter meets at 7 pm on the 2nd Thursday of each month in the Community Room at the Pueblo Grande Museum, 4619 E. Washington St., Phoenix. We take the speaker to dinner at 5:30 pm at the Ruby Tuesday Restaurant on 44th Street and Washington just northwest of the museum. If you are interested in having dinner with the speaker, please call or email Marie (480-827-8070 or mbrit@cox.net) so that she can reserve a large enough table.

--Ellie Large

November 2014 Chapter News

Ric Alling holding the moon

Ric Alling "Holding the Moon"

The speaker for our Nov. 13th meeting will be Ric Alling, Director, Marston Exploration Theater, ASU. He will talk about Applied Archaeoastronomy in the American Southwest. Ric is the inaugural director of the ASU’s newly opened Marston Exploration Theater, a facility that uses the next generation of Planetarium technologies to render images in 3D stereographic space. Ric’s interest in preparation and delivery of science themes in public settings derives from a B. A. in Interdisciplinary Studies in Theater and in Anthropology from ASU while continuing to work toward an M.A. in Museum Studies at the School of Human Evolution and Social Change.

Archaeoastronomers seek to identify and document how prehistoric peoples imbedded astronomical knowledge in their material culture. While many sites demonstrate astronomical ‘awareness’, proof of the refined notion of ‘astronomical knowledge’ remains vexing. Astronomical knowledge requires demonstrating the use of celestial observation as a tool. It is difficult enough to identify with certainty a purposeful alignment; inferring the reason for that alignment is many times more difficult. A case study from an investigation at Wupatki National Monument will be used to examine a suspected alignment, considering the celestial mechanics that interact with the alignment, and the reasonableness of this case as an archaeoastronomic event marker.

October Meeting: Doug Newton, the speaker for our October meeting, took us on a virtual tour of the Eagletail Mountain petroglyphs which was much appreciated by those who won’t be able to join Doug’s tour to see the them on Sunday, Oct. 26. The panels were amazing.

Upcoming Meetings:

Dec. 11 - Todd Bostwick, Interpreting the Nazca Lines: Enigmatic Images of the Peruvian Desert. (Our Holiday Potluck)

Feb. 12 - Chris Reed, Agua Fria Chapter, Natural Bridges National Monument - Living on the Edge. 

Upcoming Hike:

Nov. 15 or Dec. 20 - Hike to view the 19th Ave and Greenway petroglyph site in Phoenix. It is easy to drive to and has adequate parking but there will be some scrambling to see the glyphs. More details will be emailed to all chapter members.

Spring - The South Mountain Hieroglyphic Canyon hike that was scheduled for Oct. 26th following the state meeting had to be cancelled. It will be rescheduled for this spring. Stay tuned!

--Ellie Large  

October 2014 Chapter News

The speaker for our Oct. 9th meeting will be Doug Newton, Site Steward & Agua Fria Chapter Member. Doug has been a site steward since 1992, and for the first fifteen years of that time was assigned to monitor the archaeological sites in the Eagletail Mountains, thus acquiring knowledge of the region. He also had the opportunity to work with Boma Johnson, the Bureau of Land Management archaeologist, as that area was in his region. Since that time he has become the regional site steward for the Tonopah  region and is also the regional site steward for the Central Arizona region, mainly Pinal County. He retired in 2002 and completed a master's degree in Plant Biology at ASU with his area of research providing a flora of the Eagletail mountain region. Doug will be leading a tour to see the Eagletail Mountain Petroglyphs on Sunday, Oct. 26. Be sure to sign up at the State Meeting on Oct. 25th!

September Meeting: Dr. Emily Early, Assoc. Curator, Mesa Grande Cultural Park (Arizona Museum of Natural History), gave a very interesting presentation on the research that she is conducting in the Tugen Hills in Kenya. She identifies mammal bones in order to identify shifts in mammalian species which correspond with periods of known global climate change in the Pliocene in order to better understand the environment in which hominids evolved.

Upcoming Speakers:

Oct. 9 - Doug Newton, Agua Fria Chapter, The Eagletail Mountain Petroglyphs

Nov. 13- Ric Alling, ASU Marston Theater, Archaeoastronomy in the Southwestern U. S.

Dec. 11 - Todd Bostwick, Interpreting the Nazca Lines: Enigmatic Images of the Peruvian Desert.

Upcoming State Meeting: The Phoenix Chapter hosts the 50th Anniversary of the Arizona Archaeological Society on Oct. 25th at the Pueblo Grande Museum. See pages 2 - 4 in the September Petroglyph. We need many volunteers to help us with the tasks required to make this a memorable occasion. Please contact Ellie large (elarge@cox.net or 461-0563), Marie Britton (480-390-3491), Nancy Unferth (602-371-1165), Ellen Martin (820-1474) or Phyllis Smith (623-694-8240) if you would like to help.  

September  2014 Chapter News

Sept. 11. Dr. Emily Early, Assoc. Curator, Mesa Grande Cultural Park (Arizona Museum of Natural History), will kick off our Fall Schedule with a talk on Paleoecology and Human Evolution. She will discuss what it is like to work in Kenya, how they collect their data, the various ways they analyze it and what it all means in terms of our understanding of our past and has just returned to Arizona from a summer of fieldwork in Kenya. Her research focuses on mammalian shifts that correspond with periods of known global climate change in the Pliocene. Her primary research has been in Kenya, particularly the Tugen Hills. She is also involved in projects in Turkana and the Homa Peninsula.

The Tugen Hills, in the Baringo District of Kenya, has a succession of deposits from the period between 14 and 4 mya, which makes them an important location for the study of human and animal evolution. Excavations yielded a complete skeleton of a 1.5-million-year-old elephant in 1967, a new species of monkey in 1969 and fossil remains of hominids from 1 to 2 million years ago. In 2000, six million-year-old hominid fossils were discovered by Martin Pickford, the oldest ever discovered in Kenya, and the second oldest in the world. (From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tugen_Hills.)

Emily has BAs in anthropology and history from the Barrett Honors College at ASU and an MA and PhD in Anthropology from Yale University. She was a Peter Buck Postdoctoral Fellow at the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian from 2011-2013. Emily is a long-standing supporter of museum outreach, having been involved with the Arizona Museum of Natural History, the Arizona State University Anthropology Department Museum, the Deer Valley Rock Art Center, the Yale Peabody Museum, and the Smithsonian. She is also looking for volunteers to work at Mesa Grande Cultural Park during the week. She is excited to combine her love of research and dedication to the public’s knowledge of science while at Mesa Grande.

Upcoming Speakers:

Oct. 9 - Doug Newton, Agua Fria Chapter, The Eagletail Mountain Petroglyphs

Nov. 13- TBD

Dec. 11 - Todd Bostwick, Interpreting the Nazca Lines: Enigmatic Images of the Peruvian Desert.

Upcoming State Meeting:

The Phoenix Chapter will be  hosting the 50th Anniversary of the Arizona Archaeological Society on Oct. 25th at the Pueblo Grande Museum. We need many volunteers to help us with all of the tasks required to make this a memorable occasion. Please contact Ellie large (elarge@cox.net or 461-0563) or any of our board members if you would like to help.

 The Phoenix Chapter meets at 7 pm on the 2nd Thursday of each month in the Community Room at the Pueblo Grande Museum, 4619 E. Washington St., Phoenix. We take the speaker to dinner at 5:30 pm at the Ruby Tuesday Restaurant on 44th Street and Washington just northwest of the museum. If you are interested in having dinner with the speaker, please call or email Marie (480-827-8070 or mbrit@cox.net) so that she can reserve a large enough table.

--Ellie Large

May 2015 Chapter News:

May meeting: Our next meeting is on May 8th, when Dr. George Cowgill, ASU Professor Emeritus, will talk about “Teotihuacan: Researching Ancient City Life in Central Mexico.” Teotihuacan is one of the most spectacular ancient cities of the Americas, and ASU has played a major part in fieldwork at the site. Professor Cowgill will describe the city’s ruins and what they tell us about daily life, ritual, and rulership. The people of Teotihuacan achieved a sustainable way of life that flourished for centuries before its eventual collapse. Dr. Cowgill is an anthropological archaeologist with field experience in central Mexico and the Maya lowlands. Since 1964, he has concentrated on Teotihuacan. He joined ASU in 1990, bringing with him the Teotihuacan Research Facility. His research focuses on understanding ancient cities and states - how they were created, how they worked, and why they sometimes failed. Go to their website for more information: https://asuma.asu.edu/exhibits/city-life-experiencing-world-teotihuacan.

April Meeting: Dr.Eric Klucas from Statistical Research, Tucson, described the discovery of a very early (AD 550 - 650) Tortolita-phase Hohokam cemetery in the Northern Tucson Basin. Although no evidence of a large public plaza was found, as is common in later Hohokam sites, the area in which large numbers of cremation burials were found appeared to have been deliberately set aside for that use - there was no evidence of superimposition of any kind.  The area surrounding it, however, showed much evidence of the rebuilding of houses over previous house sites. Moreover, three of the cremation burials contained extremely large quantities of grave goods, especially of shell, a very rare occurrence at this stage. It was a very informative talk followed by a lively question-and-answer session.

Arizona Archaeologist #39: If you signed up for a copy of The Coyote Ruin, please pick up your copy at the May meeting. They will be available next to the sign-in table by the back door.

Upcoming Tour:
May 9:   Meet at 12:30 pm at the ASU Anthropology Museum for a guided tour of the exhibit “Teotihuacan City 

Life: Experiencing the World of Teotihuacan,” which closes May 12.

 

April 2014 Chapter News:
April Meeting: Our next meeting is on April 10th, when Eric Klucas from Statistical Research, Tucson, will present a talk on “Identifying Nested Social Groups: The Pioneer Period in the Tucson Basin.” This talk explores the kinds of social groups that may have composed the early village sites of the Northern Tucson Basin, including Pioneer period sites in both the northern and central Tucson Basin. From examination of residential and burial features, site structure and the use of space, an interpretation is offered on how these groups may have been integrated into an emerging, broader Hohokam society. In addition, the ways in which these various groups may have set the stage for the development of later expressions of Hohokam organization will be discussed. Eric Klucas is a Principal Investigator in the Tucson Office of Statistical Research Inc. For the past 15 years, his research has focused on the study of domestic organization and the use of space in Formative period villages in the American Southwest.

March Meeting: Evelyn Billo from the Northern Arizona Chapter and Rupestrian CyberServices, gave a very interesting talk on “An Archaeological Record of the Sears Point Petroglyph Complex," showing us close-up photographs of the rock art panels as well as aerial photographs of the sites taken from airplanes, hot-air balloons, and a drone fitted with a camera (which was available for us to examine). The talk was based on the 190-page final report and analysis on file with the Yuma Field Office of the Bureau of Land Management.

A big thank you to Nancy Unferth for the delicious cookies that she baked for the meeting and to Ellen Martin for the equally delicious Irish soda bread that she brought from Sprouts.  

Upcoming Meeting: May 8th, Teotihuacan: Researching Ancient City Life in Central Mexico by Dr. George Cowgill, ASU. 

Upcoming Tour: May 9th, Visit to the ASU Anthropology Museum’s exhibit:Teotihuacan City Life: Experiencing the World of Teotihuacan, which closes May 12.

--Ellie Large

March 2014 Chapter News

March Meeting: Our next meeting is on March 13th, when Evelyn Billo from the Northern Arizona Chapter and Rupestrian CyberServices will talk about the Sears Point Rock Art and Beyond, Synopsis of the 2008-2012 Recording Project. Utilized for centuries by many cultures, the National Register Sears Point Archaeological District (SPAD) is located along the rich riparian habitat of the Gila River. Currently managed by the Yuma District of the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), a large portion of the District is designated an Area of Critical Environmental Concern and is still utilized by several of the 15 Tribes that claim cultural affiliation there. Responding to a BLM request for comprehensive rock art recording, Rupestrian CyberServices (Evelyn Billo and Robert Mark) and Plateau Mountain Desert Research (Donald E. Weaver, Jr.) mapped approximately 2000 petroglyph panels and 100 features including rock piles, rock rings, artifact scatters, a rock shelter, several apparent natural and constructed hunting blinds, geoglyphs, and scattered rock alignments. They also mapped many historic features and an extensive network of prehistoric, historic, and animal trails. Recording and photographing SPAD required a three-year effort with the help of 50 volunteers, and some unusual techniques.

February Meeting: The speaker for our Feb. 13th meeting was Dr. Nancy Serwint, Assoc. Professor of Art History in the ASU Herberger Institute School of Art. Her topic was City of Gold: Archaeological Excavations at Ancient Marion and Arsinoe. With degrees in both Art History and Archaeology, she is the Assistant Director of Princeton University’s excavations on Cyprus, where she has worked for 26 years. She gave a fascinating talk about the history of Cyprus and its relationships with Greece, Phoenicia, and Egypt, and explained how the artifacts illuminate that past.  

Upcoming Meetings:

April 10:    Eric Klucas, Statistical Research, Identifying Nested Social Groups: The Pioneer Period in the Tucson Basin.

May 8:      George Cowgill, ASU, Teotihuacan: Researching Ancient City Life in Central Mexico.

Upcoming Hikes/Tours:

May 9: Visit to the ASU Anthropology Museum’s exhibit on Teotihuacan City Life: Experiencing the World of Teotihuacan, which closes May 12. Tour starts at 12:30 pm.  

Upcoming Class:

March 22 - The Phoenix Chapter is sponsoring a free 1-day Introduction to Arizona Archaeology for new or prospective members. The class will be held in the Pueblo Grande Museum Community Room from 9 am to 4:15 pm. Class members will need to bring their own lunches or plan to eat nearby.
 
Renewals: Memberships for 2013 expired on Dec. 31st. Members can renew at the March meeting or by sending a check along with a membership form to AAS, Phoenix Chapter, c/o Bob Unferth, Treasurer, 2255 E. State Avenue, Phoenix, AZ 85020. Membership forms are available at all meetings and are also available to download from the link below. Dues are $35 for individuals and $40 for families.

--Ellie Large
 
February 2014 Chapter News:
 
February Meeting: The speaker for our Feb. 13th meeting will be Dr. Nancy Serwint, Associate Professor of Art History in the ASU Herberger Institute School of Art. Her topic is City of Gold: Archaeological Excavations at Ancient Marion and Arsinoe. She is also the Assistant Director of Princeton University’s excavations on Cyprus, where she has worked for 26 years. She will share some of the stories behind the artifacts from these two ancient cities as well as some vignettes about her archaeological life.
January Meeting: On Jan. 16th Dr. Charles F. Merbs, Prof. Emeritus of Anthropology, explained What Our Skeleton Can Tell Us About What We Did In Life. He explained how forensic anthropologists can tell, from evidence left on our bones, how we used (or abused) our bodies and in some cases, even whether we were left-handed or right-handed.
Upcoming Meetings:

March 13  Evelyn Billo, Robert Mark and Donald E. Weaver, Jr. – Sears Point Rock Art and Beyond, Synopsis of the 2008-2012 Recording Project

April 10    Eric Klucas, Statistical Research, Identifying Nested Social Groups: The Pioneer Period in the Tucson Basin.

Recent and Upcoming Hikes/Tours:

Feb/March   San Tan Mountain Regional Park Petroglyph Hike with San Tan Chapter with Park Ranger Sarah Steele. The date will be announced at the February meeting and in our chapter newsletter.

April/May    Visit to the ASU Anthropology Museum’s exhibit on Teotihuacan City Life: Experiencing the World of Teotihuacan, which runs until May 16.

Upcoming Class:

March 22 - The Phoenix Chapter is sponsoring a free 1-day Introduction to Southwestern Archaeology for new or prospective members. The class will be held in the Pueblo Grande Museum Community Room from 9 am to 4:15 pm. Class members will need to bring their own lunches.

Renewals: Memberships for 2013 expired on Dec. 31st. Members can renew at the January meeting or by sending a check along with a membership form to AAS, Phoenix Chapter, c/o Bob Unferth, Treasurer, 2255 E. State Avenue, Phoenix, AZ 85020. Membership forms will be available at the January meeting and are available to download from the Phoenix Chapter web page at AzArchSoc.org. Dues are $35 for individuals and $40 for families.

-- Ellie Large

January 2014 Chapter News:
 
January Meeting: Note: Our January meeting date has been moved back one week, to Thursday, Jan. 16th, to allow members to attend the Biennial Southwest Conference in Las Vegas (Jan. 10-11). Our January speaker will be Dr. Charles F. Merbs, Prof. Emeritus of Anthropology, whose topic is As Written in Our Bones: What Our Skeleton Can Tell Us About What We Did In Life. A preeminent forensics scholar, Dr. Merbs specializes in the studies of the human skeleton, especially involving pathology and trauma. While he has worked more with ancient skeletons than modern, he has aided medical examiners in Wisconsin, Illinois, Arizona and Georgia on cases involving personal identification and homicide. Dr. Merbs received his Ph.D. in Anthropology from the Univ. of Wisconsin in 1969. He taught at the University of Chicago from 1964-1973 before moving to ASU to chair the Department of Anthropology, a position he held for six years. Retiring in 2004, he currently is Professor Emeritus at ASU. He has had numerous academic publications, has been published in TIME magazine and has written articles for The World Book Encyclopedia. He continues to participate in professional meetings, as well as doing research and publishing the results. He also continues to be active in community and professional service organizations.

December Meeting: Dr. Michael E. Smith, Prof. of Anthropology at ASU, gave us a great talk on Three Mysteries: My Search for Aztec Families and Communities. Unlike most Mesoamerican archaeologists, he has focused his research on the excavation of everyday houses and the study of daily life. He compared the results from the excavations of three Aztec sites near Cuernavaca, Mexico: an Aztec city (Yautepec), an Aztec town (Cuexcomate), and an Aztec village (Capilco). There was no evidence of human sacrifice or cannibalism, and the peasants appeared to be both better off and more well-connected than expected, as shown by the presence of trade goods and imagery. All who were present enjoyed both his talk and the potluck dinner that preceded it.

Elections: The slate of officers suggested by the board was approved unanimously at the December meeting. The officers for 2014 are: President, Ellie Large; Exec. VP, Marie Britton; Treasurer: Bob Unferth; Secretary, Ellen Martin; 1-Yr. Director, Phyllis Smith; 2-Yr. Director, Nancy Unferth; 3-Yr. Director, Vicki Erhart.

Recent and Upcoming Hikes/Tours:

Jan. 25 – We will have a guided tour of the rock art in the Box Canyon in South Mountain Park. Details and sign-up sheets will be available at the January meeting.

Upcoming Class:

March 22 - The Phoenix Chapter is sponsoring a free 1-day Introduction to Southwestern Archaeology for new or prospective members. The class will be held in the Pueblo Grande Museum Community Room from 9 am to 4:15 pm. Class members will need to bring their own lunches.

--Ellie Large

December 2013:

November Meeting: The speaker at our Nov. 14th meeting was Glennda Luhnow, from Archaeological Consulting Services, whose topic was Tracks Through Time - the Urban Archaeology of the Valley Metro Central Phoenix/East Valley Light Rail Transit Project. She explained how archaeologists knew which sites and canals would be impacted by the Light Rail Project and how the project proceeded. Between 2005 and 2008, the project investigated 29 archaeological sites, including habitations sites such as Pueblo Grande, La Plaza, and Dutch Canal Ruin, crossed numerous Hohokam and Historic era canal alignments, and found over 1,000 individual archaeological features. The artifacts found near Pueblo Grande are housed at the Pueblo Grande Museum, and the artifacts from La Plaza, on the ASU campus, are housed in the Tempe History Museum. Her talk was followed by a lively question-and-answer session.

December Meeting: Our December Holiday Potluck and Meeting will be held on Dec. 12th with the Potluck Dinner at 6 pm, and the talk to start around 7 pm. As usual, the Phoenix Chapter will provide barbecued meat, sauce, buns and beverages, while members are asked to bring their favorite side dish or dessert.

The presentation will be by Dr. Michael E. Smith on Three Mysteries: My Search for Aztec Families and Communities. Dr. Smith is a Professor of Anthropology at ASU and has directed fieldwork projects at numerous Aztec sites in central Mexico, pioneering the excavation of houses and the study of daily life. His excavations of three Aztec sites near Cuernavaca, Mexico, have revealed a surprising side of ancient Native American culture. He will be describing excavations at three sites: an Aztec city (Yautepec), an Aztec town (Cuexcomate), and an Aztec village (Capilco).

January Meeting: Note: Our January meeting date has been moved back one week, to Thursday, Jan. 16th, to accommodate members who want to attend the Southwest Conference in Las Vegas (Jan. 10-11). Our Jan. 16thspeaker will be Dr. Charles F. Merbs, Prof. Emeritus of Anthropology, ASU, whose topic is As Written in Our Bones: What Our Skeleton Can Tell Us About What We Did In Life.

Recent and Upcoming Hikes/Tours:
Nov. 9 -  Several members of the Phoenix Chapter joined the San Tan Chapter and the AAHS on a hike led by Dr. David Doyel to visit two sites on the Barry M. Goldwater Gunnery Range East, in the desert south of Gila Bend.

Jan. 25 – We will have a guided tour of the rock art in the Box Canyon in South Mountain Park. Details and sign-up sheets will be available at the December meeting.

Upcoming Class:

March 22 - The Phoenix Chapter is sponsoring a free 1-day Introduction to Southwestern Archaeology for new or prospective members. The class will be held in the Pueblo Grande Museum Community Room from 9 am to 4:15 pm. Class members will need to bring their own lunches.

--Ellie Large  

November 2013:

November Meeting: Our Nov. 14th  talk is on the Urban Archaeology of the Valley Metro Central Phoenix/East Valley Light Rail Transit Project by Glennda Luhnow, M.A, R.P.A., from Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd., Tempe. Between 2005 and 2008, Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) served as the archaeological contractor for the construction phase of the Valley Metro Central Phoenix/East Valley Light Rail Transit project. The project investigated 29 archaeological sites, including habitations sites such as Pueblo Grande, La Plaza, and Dutch Canal Ruin, crossed numerous Hohokam and Historic era canal alignments, and found over 1,000 individual archaeological features. 

October Meeting: Our Oct. 10th meeting featured Dr. Todd Bostwick, who gave us a slideshow and talk on The Ancient and Modern Maya of Guatemala and Honduras. Todd took us along on his trip to the Mayan sites of Copan, Quirigua and Tikal where he had taken many photographs of the beautiful archaeological sites and the monuments within them as well as of the people and their beautiful homeland.

Glennda was the Senior Project Manager for ACS for the archaeology of the project, which included 3 years of monitoring, testing, and dta recovery fieldwork. Her talk will focus on the results of the project in Phoenix, but will also provide an overview of what they found at the Hohokam habitation site of La Plaza, located on the ASU campus at the foot of Tempe Butte.

December Meeting: Our December meeting and potluck will be on Dec. 12th and will feature Dr. Michael Smith, who will talk about Three Mysteries: My Search for Aztec Families and Communities. Dr. Smith is a Professor of Anthropology at Arizona State University and has directed fieldwork projects at numerous Aztec sites in central Mexico, pioneering the excavation of houses and the study of daily life. His excavations of three Aztec sites near Cuernavaca, Mexico, have revealed a surprising side of ancient Native American culture. He will be describing excavations at three sites: an Aztec city (Yautepec), an Aztec town (Cuexcomate), and an Aztec village (Capilco). For more information go to http://calixtlahuaca.blogspot.com. Upcoming Hikes/Tours:

Nov. 9: We will join the San Tan Chapter on a hike led by Dr. David Doyel to visit two sites on the Barry M. Goldwater Gunnery Range East, in the desert south of Gila Bend. For more information contact Marie Britton (480-827-8070 or mbrit@cox.net). 

Nov. 23: We will join the Agua Fria Chapter on a hike to see the Picacho Petroglyphs with t Steve Ross, Arizona State Land Manager. Details should be available by the Nov. 14th meeting. We are also working on several other hikes to take place in the spring.

--Ellie Large

October 2013:

October Meeting: Our Oct. 10th meeting will feature Dr. Todd Bostwick, who will talk about The Ancient and Modern Maya of Guatemala and Honduras. The Maya Culture of Central America is considered one of the most advanced of all the ancient civilizations on earth. They built impressive temples and palaces, created beautiful arts and crafts, had a sophisticated writing system, and developed complex calendars that continue to amaze us today. In this program, Dr. Bostwick will discuss his recent trip to Guatemala and Honduras where he visited with the current Maya residents, witnessed some of their ceremonies, and toured ancient Mayan archaeology sites, including the incredible World Heritage sites of Tikal and Copan. Dr. Bostwick retired in 2010 from 21 years as Phoenix City Archaeologist and is currently Senior Research Archaeologist for PaleoWest Archaeology and Director of Archaeology for the Verde Valley Archaeological Center in Camp Verde. He has authored and co-authored an impressive number of professional articles and books on Southwestern archaeology, archaeoastronomy, and history.

September Meeting: Our Sept. 12th meeting featured Scottsdale author Carolina Butler, who talked about her recently published book, Oral History of the Yavapai, a history of the Yavapai in their own words. She explained how she became involved with the fight against Orme Dam, with the Yavapai at Fort McDowell, and with the research that led to this book and also gave us a short introduction to the history of the Yavapai tribe. The Ice Cream Social which was held before the meeting started was enjoyed by all who attended.

Speakers for Fall 2013:

Nov. 14: Glennda Luhnow, ACS, The Metro Light Rail Project.

Dec. 12: Michael Smith, ASU, Three Mysteries: My Search for Aztec Families and Communities. http://calixtlahuaca.blogspot.com/

Upcoming Hikes/Tours:

Nov. 8    Tovrea Castle & grounds. Sign-up sheets will be available at the Oct. 10th meeting. The cost is $15 and payment needs to be collected so that we can pay to hold the tour.

Upcoming Conferences:

Oct. 16-19    Paleoamerican Odyssey: A Conference Focused on First Americans Archaeology. Go to the website for the schedule and to register at paleoamericanodyssey.com.

Oct. 25         Arizona Archaeological Council Fall Conference: Current Perspectives: Methodological, Technological, and Theoretical Advancements in Arizona Archaeology, Arizona Museum of Natural History, Mesa. Includes tour of Mesa Grande ruins on Friday morning. Pre-registration by Oct. 18 is $25. Go to www.arizonaarchaeologicalcouncil.org for the conference schedule.

Nov. 1-3       AAS State Meeting, Prescott. Registration & payment due by Oct 21; the registration form was in the September Petroglyph.

Jan. 10-11     14th Southwestern Symposium: Social Networks in the American Southwest. At the University of Las Vegas, Nevada. Go to anthro.unlv.edu for the schedule and to register.

April 23-27   Society for American Archaeology Annual Meeting, Austin, Texas. Go to saa.org for more information.

--Ellie Large

September 2013

Welcome back! We closed out the spring season with a tour of the Zelma Basha Salmeri Gallery of Western American and Native American Art in Chandler on June 14. Ten of us spent a couple of hours enjoying the outstanding collection of western bronze sculptures, Native American and western paintings, Native American baskets, pottery, fetishes, and jewelry. It was well worth the time. Afterwards we enjoyed lunch at a nearby Chandler restaurant. (See www.bashas.com/OurCommunity/BashasArtGallery.aspx for more information.)  

September Meeting: Our Sept. 12th meeting will feature Scottsdale author Carolina Butler, who will talk about her book, Oral History of the Yavapai, a history of the Yavapai in their own words. She will explain how it came to be and how she became involved in it. She will also bring copies of her book for sale and signature. More details are available at www.oralhistoryoftheyavapai.com.

Ice Cream Social: We will also have ice cream and toppings to start off the meeting, so come as early as 6:45 pm to enjoy your fill and catch up on current happenings!

Speakers for Fall 2013:

Oct. 10: Todd Bostwick, Verde Valley Archaeology Center, The Ancient and Modern Maya of Guatemala and Honduras

Nov. 14: Glennda Luhnow, Archaeological Consulting Services, The Metro Light Rail Project

Dec. 12: Michael Smith, Arizona State University, Three Mysteries: My Search for Aztec Families and Communities. http://calixtlahuaca.blogspot.com/

--Ellie Large


 

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